The WAWLI Papers # 031...


Mar. 31--Tiny Roebuck def Paul Harper, John Paxos def Bill Middlekauff


(The following account of the card was printed in the April 1, 1931 edition of the Atlanta Constitution)

By Walter Wilkes

When bigger and better wrestlers are made, no doubt Paul Harper will meet them.

The youthful Texan, who has repeatedly proved his courage by taking on any opponent from Londos on down that Weber might select for him, Tuesday night came to grips with Tiny Roebuck, 245-pound Cherokee Indian, and put up a gallant battle for more than half an hour before succumbing to a pair of crotch holds and body slams that seemed literally to shake the auditorium. He gamely came back for the second fall, but was too badly injured to offer any real resistance and a series of front headlocks and another body slam stretched him prone upon the canvas in just 45 seconds.

John Paxos, the Greek sculptor's model, won a stirring match from Bill Middlekauf, ex-University of Florida fullback, in the semi-windup, requiring 30 minutes and 19 seconds to turn the trick. This bout kept the fans, most of whom seemed to favor the handsome collegian, in a frenzy of excitement from start to finish. Head scissors, split holds and toe holds followed one another in dizzy rotation, first one grappler and then the other supplying the pressure; and Middlekauf fully held his own until, in attempting one of his famous flying tackles, he dashed himself full tilt into a ring post. He was then easy prey for a front headlock and body block.

Outweighed some 33 pounds, Harper opened against Roebuck with his customary dash, and before the match was a minute old had clamped on a front headlock and catapulted the colossal Cherokee through the ropes. The Indian merely grunted in mild surprise, and came back in for more. It wasn't long before it became apparent that his amazing strength was likely to prove too big a handicap for the lighter man to overcome.

Harper was not prepared to surrender without a sturggle, however, and did considerable damage with head scissors, split holds and a particularly vicious variety of arm locks. Close to the half-hour mark, Roebuck succeeded in getting a combination body scissors and arm lock which seemed to weaken the Texan considerably, but the end which came about two minutes later arrived with dramatic suddenness. Coming in fast, Harper lifted the huge bulk of the Indian with two flying mares and crashed him to the canvas. Arising from the second of these, however, Roebuck finally got the crotch hold he had been trying for, whirled Harper in the air, and fell upon him. Just for good measure, he repeated the dose, and the Texan was left flat upon the floor of the ring. When he came back for the second fall, he was merely a papoose in the giant grip of the Indian.

Young Rupley, of Tech High, added to his string of local victories in the opener with an 11-minute triumph over Bill Collins, of Lakewood.

Another mat card was announced by Promoter Weber for next Tuesday night. _____________________________________________

Apr. 7--Tiny Roebuck def Milo Steinborn 2-0, Soldier Leavitt (later Man Mountain Dean) def Clarence Sanders, Whitey Patterson drew Glenn Cowan (Leavitt was a sub for Paul Harper) _____________________________________________


Boston, Mass., April 11--(AP) Leonard Macaluso, of Colgate, All-American fullback and the east's leading scorer last season, will start training for a professional wrestling career here next week, it was announced today by Promoter Paul Bowser.

The Colgate star, according to Bowser, is the outstanding wrestling prospect in this year's collegiate crop. The promoter, responsible for most of Gus Sonnenberg's progress in the mat game, said he intended to put Macaluso through a long training period.
______________________________________________ _

Apr. 21--Pete Sauer def Dick Daviscourt 2-1, Soldier Leavitt def Tom Marvin (Leavitt sub for John Paxos)

Apr. 28--Tiny Roebuck def Dick Daviscourt 2-1, Soldier Leavitt def Rex Smith


SYRACUSE, N.Y., Apr. 28--(AP) If Strangler Lewis is serious in his challenge to Jim Londos, filed today through the Illinois state athletic commission, he can have the match with Londos at the New York State Fair Coliseum in Syracuse and a guarantee of $10,000 win, lose or draw.

This message was wired to Gen John V. Clinnan, chairman of the Illinois commission, today by Demetrius Tofalos, Syracuse wrestling promoter.

Tofalos asserted that Londos told him two weeks ago he would meet Lewis. He added that he would confer with Londos in New York tomorrow regarding the match, and expected to get Londos' signed acceptance. _____________________________________________


(reprinted from Atlanta Constitution, April 29, 1931)

Cy Williams, who a few years ago was playing football for the University of Florida, left Atlanta a short time ago for New York and a wrestling career.

Henry Weber, local matchmaker for the wrestling shows, received a letter from Williams Tuesday in which he said that he was doing well and liked the game.

"Williams came to me and told me he wanted to become a wrestler," said Weber. "I arranged for him to go to New York, where he can receive training. In a year he should be ready for big matches. That is, he will if he trains hard and sticks to it.

Doug Wyckoff, former Georgia Tech star, is also considering a wrestling career, it is reported.

College men are meeting with great success in the game. Jim McMillen, former Illinois football star, is sure to earn about $100,000 this season after about five years in the game.

"Show me any other profession where a young man can step out of college and in three or four years be earning from $60,000 to $100,000," said Weber. "Any young man who is big and strong enough can't find a better profession if he has courage in addition to his other assets."

May 5--Tiny Roebuck def Wallace Duguid 2-0, "Stone Mountain" Leavitt def Marshall Blackstock

May 13--(Spiller Field)--Tiny Roebuck def Dick Daviscourt 55:11, Tom Marvin def Louis LaChene 41:05

May 19--(Spiller Field)--Tiny Roebuck def George Zaharias 2-0, Paul Harper def Gorilla Poggi 48:18

May 27--(Spiller Field)--Tiny Roebuck def Ivan Vacturoff 2-0, Louise LeChene def Tony Catalino 43:00

June 3--(Spiller Field)--Stone Mountain Leavitt def "Doc" Horace Langford (referee late sub for no-show Dick Daviscourt), John Paxos def Gorilla Poggi 2-1

June 15--(Spiller Field)--Dick Daviscourt def "Stone Mountain" Frank Leavitt 1-1 cnc, Charley Lehman def Tony Catalino

June 24--(Spiller Field)--Charley Lehman def Gorilla Poggi 2-1 DQ, Rudy Dusek def Ivan Vacturoff 32:00, George Tatum def George Mitchell

July 6--Jim Londos def Tiny Roebuck 2-0 (world title defense), Charley Lehman def Louis LaChene 51:07

July 13--Milo Steinborn def Frank Leavitt, Charley Lehman draw Jim Hesslyn (Heslin) __________________________________________

LEAVITT EASY FOR STEINBORN IN MAT BOUT: 'Mountain' Entirely Helpless; Hesslyn Match Great

(reprinted from Atlanta Constitution, July 14, 1931)

By Ralph McGill

Charley Lehman, Texas, and Jim Hesslyn, Australia, saved the wrestling card Monday night with one of the greatest and most thrilling matches ever seen in Atlanta.

In the main event, Milo Steinborn did the game and the fans a favor by removing "Stone Mountain" Leavitt from the scene. Leavitt was helpless in the ring, proving to the fans what the boxing commission and Matchmaker Henry Weber knew all along, that he could not beat a good man.

Steinborn, who is not in the championship class, but a good tough man, had the huge Leavitt out in two minutes. They came back and Steinborn played with him for five minutes.

Twice he actually picked the 310 pounds of blubber up and tossed it across the ring. At other times Steinborn made Leavitt appear ridiculous by tripping him up and dodging his ludicrous efforts to get a hold.

Leavitt, who seems to be a good enough fellow personally, should know by now that wrestling is not his game and make an announcement of retirement. His appearance in the ring does the game no good.

The Atlanta commission and the matchmaker had refused several matches, but because Leavitt was an Atlantan and because he and some fans were persistent, the match was made. The fans, at a recent match, voted that the big fellow be given the Monday night chance.

The fans did get a thrill seeing the 216-pound strong man lift the 310-pound giant in the air and toss him about. Twice Leavitt tried pounding Steinborn in the neck only to give up when it accomplished nothing. Once Leavitt had Steinborn on the mat but could not turn him. Steinborn proved to be even stronger than fans thought.

Lehman and Hesslyn, the latter a newcomer, went a full hour at a furious pace, showing enough wrestling to more than make up for the deficiency on Leavitt's part.

Another card, to be made up entirely of real wrestlers, was announced for next Tuesday.

(ED. NOTE--"Stone Mountain" Frank Leavitt may have gotten unkind reviews in Atlanta, but he still had a few&127; good years forthcoming under his ample belt as "Man Mountain Dean.") _____________________________________________

July 22 (after July 21 rainout)--(Spiller Field)--Milo Steinborn def Ivan Vacturoff, Jim Hesslyn def Cy Williams

July 28--(Spiller Field)--Milo Steinborn def Jim Hesslyn 2-1, Cy Williams def Scotty Scott (described as a former Indiana University athlete)&127;

Aug. 3--(Spiller Field)--Jim McMillen def Milo Steinborn 2-0, Paul Harper drew Cy Williams

Aug. 11--(Spiller Field)--Paul Jones def Tom Marvin 2-0, Pat O'Shocker def Charley Fox

Aug. 25--(Spiller Field)--Pat O'Shocker def Milo Steinborn 2-1, Paul Jones def Jack Zarnas (ex Univ of Alabama athlete, 1927)

Sept. 1--(Spiller Field)--Paul Jones def Frank Brunowicz, Cy Williams def Jack Zarnas

Sept. 8--(Spiller Field)--Pete Sauer def Tiny Roebuck 2-1, Paul Jones drew Pat O'Shocker 1-1

Sept. 16--(Spiller Field)--Paul Jones def George Tragos 2-1, Cy Williams def Tom Marvin 2-1

Sept. 30--Dick Shikat def Don DeLaun 2-0, Cy Williams def Tony Catalino 1-0 (cnc, said to have fractured rib)

Oct. 7--Dick Daviscourt def Cy Williams, Tom Marvin drew Charley Lehman

Oct. 14--Frank Speer def Cy Williams (kayoed in dive out of ring at 10-minute mark), Charley Lehman drew Jim Hesslyn 60:00

Oct. 27--Frank Speer def Tiny Roebuck 2-1, Louis (Blue Sun) Jennings def Ivan Vacturoff 35:22

Nov. 3--Dick Daviscourt def Frank Speer 1-1 cnc, Blue Sun Jennings def Gorilla Poggi

Nov. 10--Frank Speer def Paul Harper 2-1, Gorilla Poggi def Jack Burke 2-0

Nov. 18--Paul Jones def Gorilla Poggi 2-0, Blue Sun Jennings drew Milo Steinborn

Nov. 24--Pat O'Shocker def Paul Harper 2-1, Frank Speer def Jack Burke

Dec. 8--Paul Harper def Willie Davis, Blue Sun Jennings def Gorilla Poggi 2-0

Dec. 15--George Zaharias def Sailor Jack Lewis 2-0, Charley Lehman drew Blue Sun Jennings 60:00


Jan. 5--Blue Sun Jennings def Milo Steinborn 2-1, Willie Davis def Charley Lehman 15:32

Jan. 12--Blue Sun Jennings def Floyd Marshall, Pat Shocker drew Steve Znoski 60:00 (ex Boston College athlete, sub for Willie Davis)

Jan. 19--(5,000)--Jim Londos def Blue Sun Jennings 2- 0 (world title defense), Steve Znoski def Jack Zarnas

Jan. 26--Steve Znoski def Paul Harper, Floyd Marshall drew John Katan 45:00, George Harbin def Gordon Brown

Feb. 2--Blue Sun Jennings def Steve Znoski 2-1, Pat O'Shocker def Jack Zarnas

Feb. 9--Steve Znoski def Nick Nestor 2-0, Blue Sun Jennings def John Katan

Feb. 24--Jim Londos def Pat O'Shocker 2-0 (world title defense), Milo Steinborn drew Steve Znoski 60:00

Mar. 2--Pete Sauer def Blue Sun Jennings, Steve Znoski def Roy (Father) Lumpkin 39:00

Mar. 8--Steve Znoski def Blue Sun Jennings, Roy Lumpkin def Lou Plummer 23:32 cor

Mar. 15--Rudy Dusek def Steve Znoski 1-1 cnc, Roy Lumpkin def John Katan 31:32

Mar. 22--Doug Wycoff def Bill Middlekauff, Roy Lumpkin drew Floyd Marshall



(reprinted from Atlanta Constitution, March 29, 1932)

Henry Weber's wrestling show, scheduled for tonight, has been called off because of inability to obtain the auditorium. Weber was unwilling to go into a theater because his patrons were used to attending the auditorium.

Eddie Hanlon, city policeman, who tried promotion of boxing here for some time, was granted the use of the auditorium tonight in a court case Monday. The case decided only who had the auditorium and had no bearing on the matches. The commission had not sanctioned Hanlon's Friday. Judge Virlyn B. Moore, before whom the case was tried, ruled that the injunction had been filed too late. Judge Moore advised the city to see that a more fair system was used in handling the affairs of the auditorium.

A city ordinance gives the commission the power to accept or reject a bout at its discretion. The commission, however, has no voice in the auditorium assignments.

Weber testified that he had not been told of a ruling which called for the payment of a part of the auditorium charge and that he thought his check posted with the boxing commission covered the use of the auditorium as was formerly the case.

Weber's show, which was the only one to bear the endorsement of the boxing commission, will therefore not be held. Weber advises all patrons who had bought tickets in advance that they may obtain their money back or may hold the tickets until his next show at a date to be announced soon.

Eddie Hanlon, who says that he has associated with him L.C. Warren, former manager of the prizefighter Ted Goodrich, announces a benefit card for tonight. None of the wrestlers has ever appeared in Atlanta.

Net proceeds go to the family of the late Red Foster, policeman who was killed by bandits a short time ago.

In the main event, Jack Sherry meets John Grandovich and in the semi-windup Len Macaluso meets Eddie Elzea. The match is scheduled for 8:30 o'clock.

Mar. 29--Jack Sherry def John Grandovich, Len Macaluso def Eddie Elzea _____________________________________________

HANLON RETIRES; GOOD CARD SEEN: Warren To Bring Ed Don George Here Tuesday Night

(reprinted from Atlanta Constitution, April 10, 1932)

Eddie Hanlon has retired from the promotion of wrestling in Atlanta.

He announced last night that he no longer will be associated with L. C. Warren in the staging of wrestling bouts here, giving us reasons that he did not care to be further involved in the controversy that has ensued over the awarding of dates at the auditorium and other obstacles he has met.

Warren, it is understood, will continue with the venture on his own hook. He has four dates booked for matches.

Hanlon's retirement follows a fight for the auditorium which he and his partner apparently had won when they received the dates sought.

The wrangle resulted in the wholesale dismissal of the Atlanta boxing commission by Mayor James L. Key.

Hanlon stated last night that his wrestling venture had been a failure financially, but that he hoped to get back in the promotion of boxing some time during the future.

Warren is bringing in Ed Don George, who once claimed the heavyweight wrestling title now held by Jim Londos (sic) until his -- George's -- defeat by Strangler Lewis, to meet Joe DeVito, Italian sensation, in the main match Tuesday night.

In the semi-windup, Charlie Lehman, who not long ago was one of the favorites here, will tackle Nick Skotos, a newcomer here but a wrestler who comes highly recommended.

Promoter Warren feels confident he has arranged a show that merits a great turnout. Atlanta wrestling fans have heard much about Don George but have never had the opportunity of seeing him in action in the ring.

Popular prices will prevail for the matches.

April 12--Ed Don George def Jack Wagner (sub for Joe)

The WAWLI Papers # 032...


THE 'STRANGLER' IS CARDED HERE: Famous Grappler, Who Beat Londos, Meets O'Shocker

(reprinted from the Atlanta Constitution, April 10, 1932)

Ed (Strangler) Lewis, who for many years held the world's wrestling title and who still claims it after smashing defeats of Ed Don George and Gus Sonnenberg, has been signed to meet Pat O'Shocker, the big red-headed Irishman from Utah, one week from next Tuesday.

Lewis broke away from the group with which he had been associated, claiming that they were not recognized except in a few cities and that he desired to wrestle where he would have a chance to definitely win a match with Londos.

Lewis had been wrestling on cards with Don George and Sonnenberg, both of whom he defeated rather easily, when he broke with his manager Billy Sandow.

Lewis has met and defeated Jim Londos more than a&127; dozen times in the past. He has not met Londos for more than three years, but still believes he has a chance to win.

Lewis is a veteran but one of the smartest in the game. His recent defeat of Jim McMillen brought forth a statement from McMillen that Lewis was the smartest wrestler he ever met.

Lewis invented and perfected the head lock. It is still one of his chief offensive weapons.

Lewis has a standing offer to meet and throw Don George or Gus Sonnenberg within a half hour or give the proceeds to charity.

Matchmaker Henry Weber announces that he will continue his shows and that he believes the fans will remain faithful to his shows. Tickets sold to a match scheduled two weeks ago and called off when the auditorium was unavailable will be good for the Lewis match.

Weber promoted here for about three years and built up the game from nothing to popularity. L.C. Warren, former manager of a prize fighter, entered the promotion ranks two weeks ago and is competing with Weber. ____________________________________________


(reprinted from Atlanta Constitution, April 17, 1932)

Ed (Strangler) Lewis, who wrestles Pat O'Shocker, the Shock from Utah, at the auditorium Tuesday night, is one of the great figures in the game.

His headlock was the sensation 10 years ago and it is still one of the big features in the game, ranking with any hold as a punisher and an ultimate pinning hold.

Sometimes the big strong fellows used to escape from as many as 15 or 20 headlocks. Lewis let them go after a long struggle and then grabbed it again. The cumulative effect always got them in the end. And how Lewis could shake them when they got limp and weak from a dozen or so locks.

A scientific journalist took up the investigation of Lewis' headlock and found that the co-ordination of his giant back, shoulder and arm muscles enabled him to put on a pressure of about 2,000 pounds.

Joe Stecher, who lost to Lewis, said the headlock gradually made the senses grow numb and that finally one faded out as if either cones had been applied to the face.

Lewis was the originator of the "go-behind trip," a clever maneuver which no one has been able to use effectively but him. He is older now and heavier than when he was tossing Jim Londos a dozen times 10 years ago. But he is still one of the best.

Jim McMillen was rated as next to the champion until Ed Lewis beat him twice. "He isn't taking any time with his opponents now," said McMillen. "A lot of fellows let them go along for a while but Ed is pinning them as quick as he can. I thought I was stronger and smarter but I found that he is smarter than anyone I've met unless it's Londos. And I wouldn't know how to bet if they met."

Lewis meets a real foe in Pat O'Shocker, the big red- head from Utah. He has always given fans a good show.

The semi-windup brings in a match which is a real headliner. Paul Jones, the Texan whose hook scissors is such an attraction, meets Roy (Father) Lumpkin, the former Tech fullback, in a one-hour match.

Regular prices will prevail with ladies being admitted to any seat for 75 cents.

Henry Weber, who is putting on the show, announces that those who bought tickets to his show scheduled for three weeks ago and postponed through inability to obtain the auditorium, will be able to use them for the Lewis match if they care to. This is the first match Weber has been able to put on in three weeks because of the auditorium being tied up with other dates. Indications are that the house will be a sellout. _____________________________________________


(reprinted from Atlanta Constitution, April 18, 1932)

Ed (Strangler) Lewis, who meets Pat O'Shocker at the auditorium Tuesday night, is going about the business of his comeback with a lot of force, according to reports.

For a time Ed Lewis was around in the same circuit with Don George and Gus Sonnenberg, but he has now gone back to wrestling. And he has pinned Jim McMillen, among others. And now rates with Hans Steinke, Dick Shikat and Earl McCready as those who most deserve a shot at Jim Londos' title. Fact is Ed Lewis would likely be champion now had it not been for a manager who took him away.

In the match with McMillen, Ed Lewis not only pinned the Illinois giant, but he broke three of the referee's ribs so violent was his action.

Time was when Ed Lewis would carry his opponents along for a while. But now he is a bit older and fatter, but just as smart. "I'm wrestling every week now, whereas I used to be unable to get matches because of my manager," he said, "and I'm in a hurry to show them."

And so Pat O'Shocker, who is a very formidable man himself, is in for a rough evening on Tuesday. And Pat likes them rough.

there is considerable interest in the reappearance of ed (Strangler) Lewis. He went into wrestling before it became the thing to boast about being an ex-college grappler. Doctor Roller, who was before Lewis' time, was the first college man. But Lewis was next, hailing from the University of Kentucky. He achieved fame&127; with his headlock, which scientists found enabled him to exert about 2,000 pounds of pressure.

The semi-windup brings in Roy (Father) Lumpkin against Paul Jones. Lumpkin has won the right to a main event. Jones will be the favorite because the Texan, with his hook scissors, has been just outside the championship circle for years.

Henry Weber is matchmaker for the program.

Tickets are on sale at the Piedmont Hatters. Ladies are admitted to any seat in the auditorium for 75 cents. Henry Weber announces that those who still hold tickets to a former match which was postponed may use them for this match if they choose.


(reprinted from Atlanta Constitution, April 19, 1932)

Ed (Strangler) Lewis, former world's champion and one of the best known figures in the wrestling game, will make his first appearance here in several years when he meets Pat O'Shocker, the big red-head from Utah, in the main event at the city auditorium tonight.

Lewis, who held the title when Stanislaus Zbyszko and Joe Stecher were at their prime, is one of the most formidable men in the game today despite the fact that he is heavier and older.

Jim Londos, for instance, has never defeated him. Lewis holds more than a dozen decisions over Londos, the present champion, won when the young Greek was just beginning to become noticed. And not yet has Londos consented to meet him since he, Londos, won the title almost three years (sic) ago.

Lewis was always a big fellow. He weighed 220 pounds when he was 30 years old and in perfect condition. He is in perfect condition today at 38 (sic). And he has lost none of the smartness that made them all admit that he was the greatest defensive wrestler the game had known and one of the most feared offensively.

Lewis almost literally ran Joe Stecher out of the ring when they met for the title. A few years ago Lewis' manager fell out with promoters and Lewis was forced to take matches with Don George, Gus Sonnenberg and others who have steadfastly refused to meet Steinke, Shikat, Pesek, McCready and a dozen others of the better known wrestlers. Lewis broke with his manager some months ago and is now back in circulation again seeking a Londos bout.

His headlock will be the weapon most feared tonight by Pat O'Shocker, a good, first-class heavyweight himself. Lewis' headlock was tested by one of the staff of the Scientific American a dozen years ago and it was estimated that he applied a pressure of 2,000 pounds with the combined forces of his arm and back muscles.

The semi-windup match is one which will attract quite a few fans all by itself. It offers a unique wrestler in John Paul Jones, the big Texan, who is one of the best known in the game. He is popular everywhere because of his strenuous efforts. He meets Roy (Father) Lumpkin, former Georgia Tech fullback. Lumpkin has been making good progress. He has lost some matches and won some. The fans like him because he always hustles. When he and Jones meet there should be plenty of action.

A preliminary at 8:30 o'clock will open the program. The matches are in charge of Henry Weber, matchmaker. Tickets are on sale at Davison-Paxon's and at the Piedmont Hatters. Ladies are admitted for 75 cents and the free list has been cut off for this match.


(reprinted from Atlanta Constitution, April 20, 1932)

By Ralph McGill

Old Doctor Ed (Strangler) Lewis' sovereign specific, the headlock, was the final weapon which eliminated Pat O'Shocker at the auditorium last night in the main event of a splendid card staged by Henry Weber.

Pat O'Shocker came diving out of the ring to land right at the feet of John A. White, chairman of the boxing commission, just before the finish in a fall which did him no good. Mr. White sprang to his feet just in time to keep his arches from being flattened. "My goodness," said Mr. White, "sitting on the front row is almost as bad as being in the ring."

When O'Shocker went in, after the fall, he was visibly hurt. And no one doubts Pat O'Shocker. His reputation for sincere grappling is too well established. He was hurt.

And Ed Lewis had no mercy. He rabbit-punched him and then nailed him with a series of headlocks which the scientific journal some years ago estimated applied a pressure of 2,000 pounds.

The fall came in 55 minutes and O'Shocker was too exhausted to return.

The crowd, which must have exceeded 5,000 people, cheered for almost three hours as the wrestling went on.

Lewis, who is past 40, is not as fast as he once was. But he is still so smart defensively that O'Shocker never really got a hold on him. He is rated as the smartest defensive wrestler the game has ever seen.

He is an old-fashioned grappler in a way. He gets those holds and he holds them. He used a great wrist lock, a fine grapevine and his leg trip to advantage.

Lewis went after O'Shocker scientifically. He literally wore him down. He used his weight to advantage. After about 15 minutes of wrestling he used a series of seven headlocks. From then on, until the finish, he had O'Shocker doing all the work. O'Shocker was either escaping or trying for a hold.

And when the time came for the finish O'Shocker had worn himself to a frazzle. And Lewis showed the fans a headlock that is a headlock. He doesn't merely hold it. He pulls the head up with a yank that stretches and twists the neck and nerve muscles.

After the fall O'Shocker, when interviewed at his hotel, said, "I felt myself getting weaker and weaker. When I went out of the ring I was shooting all I had in an effort to get him down. He ducked me and I went out. I barely remember coming back. And when those headlocks went on it was something like taking ether. Lewis may not be as flashy as some of us younger wrestlers, but he is smarter. Don't let anyone tell you he isn't good yet."

It was Lewis' first appearance in Atlanta in a number of years. He is admittedly out to run Jim Londos out of the ring. I would be interesting to know the opinion of Atlanta mat fans on his chances.

The semi-windup was a real feature. Paul Jones and Roy (Father) Lumpkin put up a wonderful matche before Jones obtained a "figure four," or a hook scissors, and forced Lumpkin to surrender after 43 minutes.

Lumpkin made a great impression. He showed a wider knowledge of holds than did Jones. This match had them on their feet all the way. Lumpkin was injured early in the match by being tossed from the ring to the floor some five feet below. It did not seem to handicap him any.

The match was the first one staged by Henry Weber in a month because of inability to obtain the auditorium and the fans packed the house for the match. There did not seem to be any vacant seats in the auditorium.&127; Dr. Horace Langford refereed.


BREAK OF THE DAY by Ralph McGill

(reprinted from the Atlanta Constitution, April 20, 1932)

There was a poster on the promoter's wall advertising the fact that Jim Londos was the world's champion wrestler.

A big fellow walked over and tore it from the wall. "that makes me ill," he said. "I'll beat Jim Londos and I'll beat him sleeping if by no other way."

The big fellow was Ed (Strangler) Lewis and he was giving his first interview on the proposed match. And he gave it tersely and confidently.

"Jim Londos can't relax. Once the match is made he won't rest. He'll lose weight. He won't be able to sleep for a week before the match. And I will. I can relax.

"I've held the title four times. He thinks he has it now. He is afraid of what it will mean to lose it. I know I'll go on. He's afraid. And I tell you Jim Londos will be easy for me. I'll beat him sleeping.

"Relaxation is the secret of any athlete's success. When the muscles are tight the heart has extra work forcing the blood through the arteries. That tires a man out.&127;

"I have defeated Londos 14 times. They say he has improved. I say that he may have. I doubt it. A man may improve mentally after he is 35 but not physically," he said, pounding a big knee.

"Londos is the one I'm interested in. And he knows it. That's why he wants so much money for the match that no promoter will take it.

"No one else in the game has been able to give me trouble since my eyes got well. Before that I lost to Sonnenberg. But I wrestled him to a draw when I could hardly see my hand before my eyes. And he and George and DeGlane dodge me now.

"I've studied Londos. He's the nervous type. He can't relax. Try it yourself. Stand in the floor and try to keep your muscles tense for three or four minutes. You're all in.

"They say Londos will keep away from me until I am tired. Well, I hold the world's record for durability. I once wrestled five hours. And I can do it again.

"I hope they make the match. And when they do, I'll win it."

Lewis' manager revealed that while California is seeking the match, St. Louis and Chicago are not out of the running.

The match is pretty sure to be held this summer. And Londos will likely enter as a favorite. Despite Lewis' confidence, the proponents of the great Greek believe that he will outspeed Lewis and will be able to get him on the mat and apply a leg hold from which not even Lewis' genius will permit an escape.

Londos will weigh about 30 pounds less than Lewis and this will make a great difference. And if the Strangler ever gets Londos in a body grip with those terrible arms the Greek will have difficulty escaping.

Apr. 19--Ed (Strangler) Lewis def Pat O'Shocker 55:00, Paul Jones def Roy Lumpkin 43:00

Apr. 26--Paul Jones def Jack O'Dell, Ernie Dusek def Milo Steinborn

May 3--Paul Jones def Pat O'Shocker DQ, George Hills drew Roy Lumpkin

May 10--Jim Hesslyn def Jack Wagner (Warren card), Charley Lehman def Bob Wilkie 32:00

May 17--Paul Jones drew Blue Sun Jennings 1-1 90:00, Tom Marvin def Roy Lumpkin 2-1

May 24--Charley Lehman def Jim Hesslyn 2-1 (Warren card), Marin Plestina def John Podubney 37:00

May 31--(Ponce de Leon)--Ernie Dusek def Frank Speer 1-1 cnc, Paul Jones def Tom Marvin 2-1&127;

June 7--Gus Sonnenberg def Charley Lehman (Warren card), John Podubney def Bull Martin

June 14--John Podubney def Jim Hesslyn DQ (Warren card), Marin Plestina def Jack Taylor 9:00 (from Birmingham, Ala.)

June 20--(Ponce de Leon)--Jim Londos def Ernie Dusek 42:15 (world title defense), Paul Harper def Frank Speer

June 26--John Podubney def Jim Hesslyn (Warren card), Charley Lehman def Sid Nabors

July 4--(Ponce de Leon)--Joe Stecher def Blue Sun Jennings, Herman Hickman drew George Tragos

July 12--Ed Don George def Charley Lehman (Warren card) 45:54 cnc, Jim Hesslyn def Scotty Dawkins

July 19--(Ponce de Leon)--Jim Clinkstock def Milo Steinborn 2-0, Ernie Dusek def George Zaharias DQ

Aug. 2--George Zaharias def Blue Sun Jennings 2-1, Jim Clinkstock def Roy Lumpkin 2-0

Aug. 9--(Ponce de Leon)--Paul Jones def Pat O'Shocker DQ, Jim Clinkstock def Frank Brunowicz

Aug. 16--(Ponce de Leon)--Jim Clinkstock def George Hills 2-0, George Tragos def Roy Lumpkin

Aug. 23--(Ponce de Leon)--Pete Sauer def George Zaharias, Jim McMillen drew Jim Clintstock

Aug. 30--(Ponce de Leon)--Jim Clinkstock def Paul&127; Jones 44:08 cnc, George Tragos def Tom Marvin 50:00

Sept. 5--(Ponce de Leon)--Jim McMillen def Blue Sun Jennings 2-1, Jack Zarnas def George Henkins 2-0

Sept. 14--Jim Clinkstock def Ernie Dusek 2-1, Paul Jones def Jack Zarnas 38:00

Sept. 20--Jim Londos def Jim Clinkstock 1-0 cnc (world title defense), Paul Jones drew George Zaharias

Oct. 4--Jim McMillen def Dick Daviscourt 2-1, George Tragos drew Abe Kashey 1-1 60:00

Oct. 11--Gino Garibaldi def Willie Davis, Paul Jones def Pat Hurley

Oct. 18--Jim McMillen def Pat O'Shocker 1-1 cnc, Jim Clinkstock def George Tragos 36:00

Oct. 25--(6,000)--Pat O'Shocker def Abe Kashey, Floyd Marshall def Sid Nabors (Promoter Weber let the fans in free rather than pay a suddenly discovered $200 state tax never before levied against a wrestling promoter)

Nov. 1--Joe DeVito def Floyd Marshall, Buck Nelson def George Harbin

Nov. 7--Jim Hesslyn def Dick Lever, Jack Ross def Jack Evans, George Harbin drew Bobby Stewart (Fairplay Athletic Club card, 60 percent of proceeds donated to state Democratic Party campaign fund!!)

Nov. 15--Alex Aberg vs. Paul Jones, Pat Hurley vs. John Katan (Weber cancels show when Aberg and Hurley wire ahead that they are injured and unavailable)

Nov. 22--Jim Clinkstock def Willie Davis, Joe DeVito def Jack Shearit

Nov. 30--George Zaharias def Dick Daviscourt 2-1, Pat O'Shocker drew Joe DeVito 60:00

Dec. 13--Herman Hickman def Abe Kashey 2-0, Paul Harper vs. Johnny Plummer (not held, Harper injured in automobile accident en route from Memphis)

ED. NOTE--During the 1932, ex-Georgia Tech star Roy (Father) Lumpkin made the National Football League all-star team at halfback, playing for the Portsmouth team . . . Bill Hartman was a partner of Henry Weber's by late 1932 . . . After his run-in with the state over the tax matter, and probably as a consequence of the oncoming Depression, Weber reduced ticket prices in the fall of 1932 to $1.04 (all taxes included). Immediately after the "free" card, Weber reduced prices to 59 cents and 40 cents, with kids in for a quarter. That lasted for two or three shows . . . Weber seemed to have shrugged off the threat of opposition, although there always was a lively market for the the smaller weights (middles, light-heavies) in Atlanta and they continued to run two and three shows weekly in the area . . . Studying these cards from 1930-31-32, once really begins to understand the impact of collegiate football stars on the business. With Sonnenberg as the most notable, and McMillen as another top-rank worker, the promoters fell all over themselves encouraging one gridder after another to get into the game. All the better if the youngster was a giant Indian, too, as seen from the success of Marvin, Roebuck, Clinkstock and others . . . the outdoor ballpark shows were always big draws in Atlanta, averaging between 3,000 and 4,000 each week . . . Blue Sun Jennings, a football star at Centenary, continued to play pro football during this period, usually on Sundays with the semi-pro Memphis Tigers . . . Charley Rentrop, the veteran Memphis promoter, filled in for Weber, during the latter's occasional trips back home to Europe . . .

The WAWLI Papers # 033...


Promoter: Al Karasick, Civic Auditorium


Aug. 4--Al Karasick def Kiman Kudo, Harry Kent def Ernie Andrade, Don Carver def Bob (Totem) Anderson, Young Duruma def Curly Freedman

Aug. 12--(4,000)--Joe Savoldi def Karasick, Vic Christy def Kent, Kudo def Carver, Daruma drew Reed Detton

Aug. 18--(6,000)--Ed Don George def Savoldi 2-1, Christy def Kent DQ, Kudo def Pat Hennessey, Big Boy Clement def Carver

Aug. 25--(2,500)--Ed Don George def Kent, Christy def Kudo, Babe Small drew Karasick, Clement def Anderson

Sept. 1--Ed Don George drew Vic Christy 0-0 60:00, Reb Russell drew Sam Leathers 1-1, Small def Claude (Dutch) Davis, Carver def Clement (Jack Smith referee)

Sept. 8--Ed Don George drew Christy 1-1, Russell def Small cnc, Leathers def Bull Campbell, Walter King def Joe Lynch

Sept. 15--(4,000)--Ed (Strangler) Lewis def Ed Don George 1-0, Christy def Russell, Leathers drew Small, Carver def King (Ed Lewis notes that his recent New York to California airplane trip was his 257th such continental flight; he claims 251 flights to-and-fro between the Pacific Northwest and California; estimates he has flown in excess of 1,500,000 miles)

Sept. 22--(2,000)--Ed Lewis def Vic Christy, Russell def Leathers, Norman (Rusty) Wescoatt def Small, Clement def Isao (Bull) Toyama

Sept. 29--Chief Chewacki def Christy, Russell drew Wescoatt, Small def Andrade, King drew Clement

Oct. 6--(3,500)--Chewacki def Russell, Wescoatt def Small, Hennessey drew Carver

Oct. 13--Wescoatt def Russell (final of Battle Royal), Chewacki def Small, Andrade def Campbell, Carver def Jack Holland DQ

Oct. 20--Chewacki def Holland DQ, George (Wildcat) Pete def Small, Andrade def Gust Steele, Carver drew Clement

Nov. 11--Chief Thunderbird def Holland, Harry Demetral def Tommy Mead, Doc Dan McKenzie def Andrade, Young Ing def Walter Camara

Nov. 17--Thunderbird def Demetral, Arjan Singh def Mead, Holland drew McKenzie, King def Benny Kim

Nov. 24--(2,000)--Thunderbird def Holland, Demetral def Wescoatt DQ, McKenzie NC Mead, Clement def King

Dec. 1--Singh def Demetral, Thunderbird def McKenzie, Mead def Campbell, Wescoatt def Holland

Dec. 8--Singh def Andrade 5:00, Singh def McKenzie 12:00 (handicap), Holland def Mead, Wescoatt def Demetral, Bob (Totem) Anderson def Young Duruma

Dec. 15--Red Scorpion (Jack McCarthy) def Mead, Demetral def Holland, Singh def McKenzie, Wescoatt drew Thunderbird, Anderson def King

Dec. 22--Scorpion def Holland, Demetral def McKenzie, Singh drew Wescoatt, Thunderbird drew Mead, Camara def Kid Algiers

Dec. 29--Mead def McKenzie, Singh def Holland, Thunderbird drew Demetral, Scorpion def Wescoatt


Jan. 5--Scorpion drew Arjan Singh, Chief Thunderbird def McKenzie 2-1, Demetral def Mead, Holland drew Wescoatt ($1.10 reserved seats, 60 cents ladies reserved, 55 cents general admission, 30 cents children)

Jan. 12--Thunderbird def Scorpion (unmasked McCarthy, age 36, 220 pounds, Spencer, Iowa, claims wins over Caddock, Plestina and Charlie Hansen), Wescoatt def McKenzie, Holland def Demetral DQ, Singh def Mead

Jan. 19--(1,200)--Singh drew McCarthy 1-1, Thunderbird def Demetral 2-1, Wescoatt def Holland,&127; McKenzie def Mead DQ (Big Boy Clement, Ernie Andrade referees)

Jan. 26--Demetral def McCarthy (no referee, for Rough House Championship), Wescoatt def Mead, Holland drew McKenzie, Clement def Walter King, Abel Rodrigues def Sammy Sugai

Feb. 2--Thunderbird def McCarthy, Wescoatt def McKenzie, Demetral drew Holland, Mead def Clement, Curley Freedman def Benny Kim

Feb. 9--Thunderbird def Wescott 2-1, John Wood def Holland, Singh def Demetral, McKenzie drew Mead, Rodrigues def Bob (Totem) Anderson

Feb. 16--(2,000)--Singh def Thunderbird 2-1, McKenzie def Demetral, Wood def Mead, Wescoatt drew Holland, Don Carver def Rodrigues

Feb. 23--Wescoatt won Battle Royal, Wescoatt def Mead (ex-UCLA star), Wood drew Singh, Demetral def Holland, Thunderbird def McKenzie, Torchy Smith def King

Mar. 2--Tony Felice def Thunderbird, Singh def Wescoatt, Demetral def Mead DQ, McKenzie def Holland

Mar. 9--Felice def Demetral 2-0, Mead def Wood, Singh def McKenzie, Smith def Rodrigues, Carver drew Albert (Pineapple) Carvalho

Mar. 16--(2,000)--Felice def Singh DQ, Mead def McKenzie, Demetral drew Wood, Clement def Smith, Carver def Carvalho

Mar. 24--Felice def Singh DQ, Demetral def Mead, Wood def McKenzie, Carver drew Smith

Mar. 30--Felice def Hal Rumberg, Bob Kruse def Jack Forsgren DQ, John Spellman def Demetral, Andrade def Wood, King def Smith



Sept. 5--Bud Curtis def Hisao Tanaka DQ (Duke Keomuka), Lee Grable def Jimmy Lott, Red Vagnone def John Swenski, Harry Dellis drew Ben Pilar

Sept. 12--Tanaka def Grable 2-1, Lott def Swenski, Curtis def Vagnone DQ, Wimpy Willington def Dellis

Sept. 19--Tanaka def Lott, Grable drew Vagnone, Curtis def Charlie Shiranuhi (later Mr. Moto), Kudo def Abel Rodrigues

Sept. 26--Vagnone def Tanaka, Jimmy Gonsalves def Grable DQ, Lott drew Curtis, Buck O'Neill def Willington

Oct. 3--Vagnone def Grable, Oki Shikina def Curtis, Lott def Kudo, Vilai Su'a def Shiranuhi (decision), Lott def Su'a, Shikina def Vagnone, Shikina def Lott (tournament final), Pilar def O'Neill

Oct. 10--Jack Claybourne-Shikina def Grable-Lott, Stan Miyahsiro def Willington, Pilar drew Rodrigues, Curtis def Vagnone

Oct. 17--Claybourne def Vagnone, Shikina def Grable, Lott drew Curtis, Miyashiro def Rodrigues

Oct. 24--Tanaka def Lott, Claybourne drew Shikina, Curtis def Frank Jares DQ, Shiranuhi def Frank Merrill

Oct. 31--Claybourne def Tanaka 2-0 (won Hawaiian junior heavy title), Jares def Lott, Curtis drew Kudo, Gonsalves def O'Neill, Bolo Bataan drew Willington

Nov. 7--Claybourne def Chief Little Wolf 1-1 (decision), Jares drew Shikina, Dick Raines def Curtis, Miyashiro def Bataan, Gonsalves def Lott

Nov. 14--Claybourne def Jares, Shikina-Kudo def Raines-Little Wolf, Gonsalves def Shiranuhi, Miyashiro drew O'Neill

Nov. 21--Raines drew Claybourne, Little Wolf def Shikina, Jares def Gonsalves, Earl Rasmussen def O'Neill, Rodrigues def Willington

Nov. 28--Claybourne def Jares (cuts), Little Wolf def Raines 2-1, Shikina drew Gonsalves, Rasmussen def Rodrigues-O'Neill (handicap)

Dec. 5--Claybourne def Little Wolf 2-1, Seelie Samara def Jares, Leo Wallick def Raines (decision), Higami Mujachino drew O'Neill, Su'a def Rasmussen

Dec. 12--Samara-Claybourne drew Raines-Jares, Wallick def Little Wolf DQ, Su'a def Kudo, Rodrigues def Charles Takase


HONOLULU, Hawaii--Dec. 18, 1949 (Special) -- Harold Sakata dominated the heavyweight division at the nuuan'a YMCA senior invitational weightlifting tournament today with four Hawaiian records. He pressed 280 pounds, snatched 275 pounds and was able to clean and jerk 329 pounds, for a total of 870 pounds. The former, three-lift total record was a mere 755 pounds.

(ED. NOTE--Sakata turned pro wrestler not long after this, gaining a good deal of notoriety as, first, Tosh Togo and, eventually, as Oddjob, so named for the character he played in the James Bond film, "Goldfinger.")
______________________________________________ _

Dec. 19--Raines def Claybourne, Samara def Little Wolf, Wallick def Jares, Shikina def Su'a

Dec. 26--Samara def Raines 2-1, Bomber Kulkovich def Claybourne DQ, Sandy (Basher) McDonald drew Wallick, Pilar def O'Neill, Rasmussen def Bataan


Jan. 2--Claybourne def Raines 24:22 (cuts), Samara def McDonald, Kulkovich drew Wallick, Pilar def Rasmussen (Rubberman Higami referee)

Jan. 9--Claybourne def Samara 2-1, McDonald def Kulkovich DQ, Wallick def Raines, Pilar def Miyashiro, O'Neill def Takase

Jan. 16--Kulkovich def McDonald, Claybourne def Wallick, Ken Ackles drew Samara, Pilar drew Jimmy Gonsalves

Jan. 23--Claybourne drew Ackles, Kulkovich def Samara, McDonald def Wallick, Gonsalves def Miyashiro

Jan. 30--Kulkovich def Claybourne DQ, Ackles def McDonald, Wallick def Curly Connors, O'Neill def Rasmussen

Feb. 6--Johnny Sepeda drew Kulkovich, Ackles def Wallick, McDonald def Connors, Vilai Su'a drew Miyashiro

Feb. 13--Claybourne def Ackles 2-1, Sepeda def Wallick 2-0, Kulkovich def McDonald DQ, Connors def O'Neill

Feb. 20--Sepeda def Jacques Manuel, Kulkovich drew Wallick, Ackles def McDonald, Gonsalves def Connors

Feb. 27--Claybourne def Sepeda 2-1, Kulkovich def Wallick, Ackles def Manuel, Al Lolotai def McDonald

Mar. 6--Vic Christy def Kulkovich, Claybourne def Ackles, Speda def Bob Ford DQ, Manuel def Gonsalves

Mar. 13--Christy def Sepeda, Ackles def Kulkovich DQ, Ford def Manuel, Lolotai def Rasmussen

Mar. 20--Claybourne def Christy 2-1, Lofty Blomfield def Kulkovich, Lee Grable def Sepeda, Ford drew Ackles, Manuel def O'Neill

Mar. 27--Ted-Vic Christy def Ford-Ackles, Tommy O'Toole def Blomfield, Pierre LaSalle drew Grable

The WAWLI Papers # 034...


(reprinted from St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Nov. 21, 1934)

Louis Thesz, St. Louis, will wrestle Marshall Carter, Kansas City, in the feature of the five-match program to be presented tonight on the wrestling card at the St. Paul Social Center, Ninth and Summit streets, East St. Louis. The first preliminary is scheduled for 8:30 o'clock.

Charles Kuehn meets Les Stefter in a middleweight bout in the semi-windup. Joe Miller, 170, St. Louis, and Walter McMillan, 175, Pine Lawn, in the second preliminary, and Charles Venator and Harris Zimmerman, 178 pounds, both of St. Louis, wrestle in the opening match.



(reprinted from St. Louis Post Dispatch, Jan. 17, 1935)

By Damon Kerby

Ed (Strangler) Lewis continues to add to his growing reputation as the most artistic right-hand slugger in the funny sport called wrestling.

Using his right, including his open hand, the elbow, the forearm and the closed fist, the 260-pound veteran put away George Zaharias in 23m. 42s. last night at the Arena before 7,466 spectators, and although Lewis used the more orthodox headlock method in actually downing his opponent, it was his good right hand wrestling customers believe that actually brought the victory.

Zaharias, substituting on short notice for the missing Man Mountain Dean, brought about his own downfall, in the eyes of the paying guests, by getting rough right after referee Harry Cook sent the performers into action. The drama got under way when Zaharias socked Lewis in the face.

"What the heck is this?" asked Lewis of Zaharias. "Come on out in the center of the ring and wrestle."

Georgie came out, and Ed promptly wound up, drew his left foot up in a good pitching delivery, and let loose ____________________________________________


LOS ANGELES--Man Mountain Dean def Doug Wycoff in 1 minute, 4 seconds. Dean weighed 317 pounds, Wycoff 235.

DES MOINES--Big Bad Wolf, 215 (probably Lee Wyckoff), Houston, Tex., won from Ernest Hefner, 235, Sherman, Tex., when Hefner failed to reappear after being thrown in the second fall. Ed White, 230, Marion, Ala., drew with John Evko, 211, New York, 20-minute limit.

COLUMBUS, O.--Stanley Buresch, Australia, using a "kangaroo kick," pinned Jimmy Hefner of Sherman, Tex., in 29 minutes, 7 seconds. George Dusette, 190, of France, put Ray Carpenter, 192, of Lancaster, O., to the mat in 8:07. Frankie Hart, 179, of Holland, pinned&127; Jimmy Goodrich, 177, of Fort Wayne, Ind., in 13:28; "Bulldog" Jackson, 150, of Alaska, downed Sherman Reeves, 150, of Cincinnati in 11:41, and Turp Grimes, 180, of Dayton, O., won from Charley Petersen, 178, of Chicago, in 24:13.

TOPEKA, Kan.--Jim Londos, Los Angeles, threw Tom Marvin, Detroit.

NEW YORK--Leo Shepsky, New York, threw Maurice LaChappelle, France.

CHICAGO--Al Williams defeated Jack "Bad Boy" Brown of Shreveport, La. _____________________________________________

with a right to the body. The referee protested the legality of the blow, but when he talked to Lewis he discovered that worthy's round face was as guileless as the moon above.

"I just used the 'heel' of my hand and my forearm," Lewis explained in pantomime. Whether the referee believed him may never be known, but the show went on, with the scene repeated over and over again. It was that effective.

The final flurry began at the 20-minute mark. Lewis applied a couple of headlocks, Zaharias countering with butts to the stomach which put the veteran on the floor. From that point forward the action was swift; headlocks, butts and right-hand punches and forearm blows were all mixed up in action that brought roar after roar from the crowd, and Lewis was cheered as a conquering hero when he pinned George's ears to the canvas. Zaharias, the rascal, was roundly booed.

Before the main event the spectators were presented with a scientific performance of 30 minutes -- which went the limit -- between Everett Marshall and a newcomer here named Mehmet Yousoff, said to be a product of Turkey. More holds were applied and the work was smoother than in any previous bout this season. Yousoff and Marshall rolled in and out of holds with many clever moves by both men. On more than one occasion Marshall twisted his opponent's leg and foot to a curious angle and some women spectators at ringsider turned their heads. That Yousoff's foot or leg wasn't broken indicated to some spectators that Marshall was not as strong as one would be led to believe by his muscles. Spectators cheered, whistled and stamped their feet on the floor at the conclusion of the action.

Bronko Nagurski, the football player, again played the hero role in his meeting with Dick Raines, who opened the affair with a rough display and thus set the stage for his own undoing. Nagurski used three flying tackle butts and a body block to end it in 17:27.

Solly Slagel slammed Lou Plummer into the canvas to win in 6:15 in the opening event. Just after the bout began Slagel bounced into the ropes and snapped a ring post. Action was delayed 20 minutes while the post was being repaired, following which the boys went back and started from taw.

Yousoff, who wrestled Marshall, was substituting for Ray Steele. Bad flying weather made it impossible for Steele to reach St. Louis from St. Paul, where he appeared the night before, Promoter Tom Packs said.

Gross receipts were $5,875, it was announced, with the following tax figures: federal, $517.81; city and state, $292.92 each.

Man Mountain Dean, a state athletic commissioner said, would be given 30 days in which to meet Lewis in St. Louis, with an indefinite suspension (in Missouri) and a fine of $300 (how can it be collected?) if he fails to go through with the bout. Packs said he was informed Dean was suffering from a leg infection and would be unable to go through his scheduled bout with Lewis. News reports carried the information that Dean wrestled night before last in San Francisco, and last night in Los Angeles. _____________________________________________


(reprinted from St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Jan. 30, 1935)

Veteran wrestlers still talk the language of bygone years. So, when Ed Lewis, five or six times mat champion, told us "nobody has ever been able to get behind me," we understood it to mean that Ed was and still is invincible -- in his own mind -- under legitimate wrestling conditions. If you can't get behind a man you can't throw him -- that was an axiom when wrestling was wrestling.

but looking at Lewis you wonder what wrestler could&127; fail to get behind him, or for that matter, all around or on top of him. Ed is big, broad of visage and carries 40 or 50 pounds of very non-athletic upholstery. To hear Lewis tell it, that avoirdupois is an advantage because he burns much of it up during the heat of contest.

Without being a weight-guessing expert, we would say that Ed has enough excess to last him a dozen&127; matches, and this notwithstanding he has participated in more than 100 matches in 12 months. Here's the way Ed explains it:

"In a hard match a wrestler will lose 15 pounds. Imagine what would happen to a man who is always down fine. He hasn't the excess to lose and before a long match was finished he would collapse. For that reason I never worry about my weight."

Ed may perhaps have forgotten that when he was young and in his prime he did not weigh anything like his poundage of today; yet in a match which he admits was one of his toughest, his battle with Joe Stecher in 1916, the struggle last five hours and 10 minutes and ended in a draw.

Still, Ed insists, wrestlers would do well to avoid entering a grueling match with nothing to spare.

Any trainer will tell you that there is such a thing as being too fine for a sustained struggle. But 40 pounds or more overweight? We leave it to you.

"Pesek in his prime, was always too low in weight for his own good," Lewis observed. "John was one of the great wrestlers of the last two decades, but he was always down so fine his ribs showed. The result was that in prolonged contests he was at a disadvantage. I've wrestled John several times, but of course he was too light and too finely trained to beat me.

"The best wrestlers today, under old rules? Pesek would be one of them. He can put holds on anybody, but he was always too light to keep them on me. Jim Browning knows what it's all about. Londos has wrestled the best in the world and certainly ought to know real wrestling. There's Joe Malcewicz and this fellow Everett Marshall. Sure, he can really wrestle. Dan Koloff was another old boy that could do his stuff and I am speaking of men who could take as well as give punishment, because that was part of wrestling.

"How about the newcomers? Well, now, when I tell you that Bronko Nagurski has the makings of one of the greatest wrestlers of all time you are going to give me the laugh. You think that I'm helping build up a well- advertised football player.

"But let me tell you what you may not know -- Nagurski has been under the management of Tony Stecher for nearly four years and he has been getting help from the Stecher family. And that ought to mean something. Tony Stecher wouldn't have him under contract unless he saw something in this big bull. He has shown me tremendous power and more real wrestling knowledge than I believed he could have. He may be a couple of years away from the big time but he has the goods."

Well, we've heard that kind of talk before; but Ed says he means it, so take it for what it may be worth.

"The greatest wrestler I ever opposed? That's easy. It was Joe Stecher. I want to say that the Stecher I met first at Evansville in a two-hour draw and later at Omaha in a five-hour match was the most formidable man I ever knew. But our Omaha bout seemed to take something out of Joe. He was two weeks in the hospital after it and never was just the same later on."

"What is the most dangerous hold in wrestling, in your experience?" Lewis was asked.

"The hammerllock," was the reply. "If properly applied it is the most difficult to escape and the most punishing. Resist it a little too long and you have a broken arm. That hold caused me a lot of trouble once, although not in a match.

"Stecher had regained the championship and I was matched with him in Los Angeles. That was in 1927. In training for the bout I wrestled with Toots Mondt and, without intending it, he broke my arm. I pleaded with the commission for an extension of time. They refused despite X-ray photos showing the fracture. I had $5,000 posted and had to surrender it to the commission because it was physically impossible for me to complete the match in my condition.

"Then they matched Pesek with Stecher. John pinned Joe twice and was proclaimed champion, but later the referee changed his ruling."

Lewis admits he has been wrestling 27 years and that he started when he was very young. "I was a bgaseball player before I was a wrestler, and that was at the age of about 15," Ed volunteered. "I had been fooling around on the mat. I was unusually big and sjtrong foor my years. My home town was Nekoosa, Wis., and my real name is Robert Friedrich. Our baseball team went to a nearby city and there was not enough money to pay our way back after the game. When some man in town asked if any of us could wrestle I volunteered and won from a local athlete. We got enough money to get back home on that victory.

"My first important wrestling match was with Fred Beell, the 'Marshfield Wonder.' Beell was a national figure, at that time, and I was only 17. I put up a good bout but lost. After the match Beell addressed the spectators and told them I was a 'coming champion.' Whether he meant it or not I don't know--but I made good for him.

"How often have I wrestled? I would say 5,000 times," Lewis observed.

Confronted with the fact that if his career lasted 27 years this would mean he must have averaged close to 200 bouts a year for his entire career, Lewis said.

"Well, I contend that it was nearer 5,000 than 3,000, which you suggest. For the early years of my career there wasn't so much chance to wrestle as there is now. But I have utilized every opportunity during the last 20 years. I would say that four times a week for the last 15 years was not an exaggeration."

But even that would hardly account for the total, because Ed took lots of time out.

And, of course, we were privileged to put our own construction on some of the "wrestling." Much of it undoubtedly was exhibition. But that it was profitable there is no doubt. Lewis conjectured that receipts from the performances in which he figured would total nearly $10,000,000. And of course that is a generous figure for it would mean an average of more than $3,300 a show for more than 3,000 matches.&127;

"And I still have some of that $10,000,000 left," Ed grinned.

Lewis still holds the record for drawing the largest "gate" in the history of wrestling. That was totaled when he wrestled Londos in Chicago about a year ago before a gross house of $106,000. The largest previous receipts dates back to 1911 when Gotch met Hackenschmidt at the White Sox baseball park, for something like $90,000 gross.

Joe Stecher, who started only a short time before Lewis, is practically through with wrestling, but here is&127; big Ed, at least making a gesture toward regaining the title. Any way you view it, Lewis has had a most amazing career.

The WAWLI Papers # 035...


(reprinted from Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Sept. 11, 1931)

By Don Watson, Sports Editor

Gus Sonnenberg, former world's champion wrestler who has made a fortune in the ring during the past six years, looks more like the average business man than a follower of the grunt and groan trade.

Sonnenberg, accompanied by his wife, arrived from the mainland on the Sonoma this morning for a two weeks' visit in Honolulu during which time he will appear in two matches at the Honolulu Stadium.

"I had planned to take a vacation trip to Australia, but Maurice Gomberg, your local promoter, and myself are old friends and when he asked me to appear in Honolulu I changed my plans," Sonnenberg said.

"After working steadily in the ring for six years, wrestling eight nights out of nine much of the time, I figured I was entitled to a little vacation. Of course, I will appear twice here, but working only two nights out of a month is a real treat for me."

Sonneberg says the 1931 rassling is still drawing big gates on the mainland. He hasa ppeared in 12 bouts at Los Angeles and drew a total of $400,000 with those 12 matches. He is billed to appear in Los Angeles again October 14, but does not know who is opponent will be.

Sonnenberg is not a big fewllow. He is about five foot inches tall and weighs around 190 pounds. He is just about the same height as Al Karasick, who will be his opponent at the Stadium next Tuesday evening. Sonnenberg says he met Karasick several times on the mainland, one of the bouts being in Seattle. He threw Karasick twice in an hour and a half, the first fall taking about 1 hour, 10 minutes.

"This wrestling businessd is not as easy as some folks seem to think," Sonnenberg said. "The way I work is to travel around the country, appearing in bouts almost every night. Usually you don't know who your opponent will be and most of the time it is someone you never heard of. The other night I was to show at Santa Rosa against some fellow named Plummer whom I had never heard about and had never seen.

"When Plummer crawled into the ring, I almost dropped. He was about six feet tall and weighed 230 pounds, a finely built chap.

"It took me 15 minutes to throw the fellow, but I want to tell you I never had such a tough 15 minutes in my life. The fellow was strong as a bull and I had a hard time pinning him. Had to use everything to beat him and couldn't afford to take any chances."

Sonnenberg formerly attended Dartmouth university, where he starred on the football team. After leaving college he played professional football for several years. When wrestling was not drawing good gates and the promoters were looking for some way to build up the game, Sonnenberg decided to enter the ring. He introduced the flying tackle and made it famous as a means of knocking out opponents.

Sonnenberg was the first of the present day string of college football stars who have turned to professional wrestling. Sonnenberg has drawn as high as 65,000 fans to a wrestling show.

The Sonnenbergs will stay at the Royal Hawaiian hotel during their visit in Honolulu. They plan to leave for the mainland September 26.


(reprinted from Honolulu Advertiser, Sept. 15, 1931)

By William Peet

"Dynamite Gus" Sonnenberg and his flying tackle, with which he rode to fame and the top of the heavyweight wrestling division, makes his bow before a local audience in the Stadium Tuesday night, meeting Al Karasick, styled "The Russian Lion," and well known to followers of the grappling game here.

"I do not know how Hawaii will take to my style of wrestling," said Gus Monday, "but I do know that Tuesday's match with Karasick is not 'in the bag' -- I have often been approached by promoters and managers on the mainland and asked to do business -- my answer has always been 'I am out to win.' That's one reason why my services have been in demand."

Karasick is a great showman, also a tricky grappler. He is fast and he will undoubtedly cause Sonnenberg plenty of trouble, but he is giving away too much weight and has already been thrown by Dynamite Gus on the Mainland.

Tuesday night's exhibition is attracting wide attention and the advance sale of tickets and reservations has been heavy.

At an informal luncheon Monday noon, Sonnenberg was the guest of honor and made a short speech telling how he broke into the game and added that wrestling was outdrawing boxing on the Mainland.

Karasick has confided in friends that he expects to give the great Sonnenberg something of a surprise. "He can throw those big palookas any time he wants to, but he knows down in his heart that he has no easy mark when he meets me" is the way Karasick talks to his friends.

Maurice Gomberg, local automobile man, is promoting the show and Ed Hatch is the matchmaker. There will be two snappy preliminary bouts and as the ring has been moved to the baseball diamond, the covered grandstand will be available for cash customers who can view the grappling exhibition and not get drenched in case it should rain.

Jack Smith, of Pearl Harbor, will be the referee. He made a statement Monday saying, "There will be no stalling or funny business with me -- the first time things look off color somebody is going to be disqualified."

The preliminary matches start at 8 o'clock.


(reprinted from Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Sept. 9, 1936)

By Loui Leong Hop

Honolulu's rassling fans are sitting pretty again.

About a month ago, they saw "Jumping Joe" Savoldi's famous dropkick in action against Al Karasick and Ed Don George. The "big league" attractions jammed the Civic Auditorium to overflowing.

Next Tuesday evening at the covered arena, these grappling addicts will set their optics on a match that commands major interest and prices on the mainland.

The fray will be between Ed (Strangler) Lewis, king of the mat world, although he is not the champion, and Ed Don George, former "champeen" of the world, and who has yet to be defeated in his Hawaiian invasion.

Al Karasick, promoter of the heavyweight shows, announced this morning that he has decided to match George against the veteran Lewis in the next card. Lewis arrives tomorrow on the Malolo, fresh from the Pacific Coast where he has been bowling over all opposition the past several months.

The "Strangler" made up his mind to perform in Hawaii only after he had been guaranteed $1,000 and one first-class round trip steamer ticket.

George was named Lewis' first opponent here because of his superior experience, Karasick said.

The semifinal to the Lewis-George affair will be put on by Christy and Russell. The winner will get a crack at the "Strangler," Karasick said.

In last evening's main event, attended by about 2,500 fans, George was held to a draw by Vic Christy, rising young heavyweight.

The match was an interesting one in spite of the fact both resorted almost entirely to straight wrestling. Christy, who became the decided favorite with the fans as the bout progressed, took the first fall after 36 minutes 20 seconds. He applied the short arm scissors and George cried out "Uncle!"

George came back with a rush about two minutes later and equalized matters with a flying head scissors.

Reb Russell, the "bad man" of the rassling ring, lived up to his reputation and nearly started a riot in his match with Babe Small. He lost the first fall in the fourth but in the seventh Russell rendered Small hors de combat with a Japanese backbreaker.

As Small was unable to answer the bell in the eighth, Russell was declared winner admidst a steady stream of boos, catcalls and threats of being knocked down with chairs.

Sam Leathers, the "human octopus," wrapped "Bull" Campbell up with his long legs and "tossed him out of the window" in the special.

Joe (Stunt Man) Lynch lost to Walter King in the opener. Lynch claimed he was couted out improperly by the referee, who was in his way most of the time, anyway.

"Sure, I'd like a return match," the movie man said. "I can toss that guy King easy." ____________________________________________


(reprinted from Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Sept. 10, 1936)

By Loui Leong Hop

We're a bit dizzy, headlines on newspapers are blurry and the head spins a little . . . a feeling akin to the morning after the night before, you'd say.

For, Ed (Strangler) Lewis (who doesn't know him now?), dropped in on us just five minutes ago and, of all things, consented to show us the hold which made him the "daddy of 'em all" in the wrestling world.

Such revelation of trade secrets may be treason and probably we should not tell on the "Strangler." But, as we said before, we're a bit woozy and besides the veteran bone bender or crusher or bruiser told us to go ahead. So, we're going ahead . . . we're exposing the pet hold.

What Lewis did to us, after cautioning that "I won't hurt you," was to place our dome in his big strong elbow and slowly exert a little pressure around the region right under each ear. He held it there but a few seconds, explaining that THAT WAS IT.

Imagine our amazement! There was NO STRANGLE in the famous strangle hold! We could breath freely, the windpipe wasn't clamped shut. But, oh, that funny feeling we got from it!

"You will notice," Lewis, perspiring like a streamer stoker by this time because of the humidity and not because of the hold on us, patiently pointed out, "that the pressure is on the jugular veins and not on the throat as so many believe and think.

"My hold is aimed to shut off circulation from the brain. Properly applied, the opponent will swoon away in about five minutes. Then it will be just the matter of pinning him and having your hand raised.

"Not one of my many victims have suffered any ill effects from this hold. It reacts like sleeping powder. They simply go to sleep for a while. My 'strangle' looks easy, but against some my problem is to hold them there for five minutes. That's often a real job but through experience I've learned how to get 'em off balance and when they're that way the 'strangle' is easily applied with effect."

While we're snapping out of the "funny" feeling, let's say right here that Lewis is as regular a guy as one would want to meet anywhere or in any line of endeavor. He has a "hello," a wave of salute and a "howdy" for everyone . . . and there must have been 30 in the sports room when the "Strangler" showed us his "strangleless" hold that had us listing from one side to another more than five minutes afterward.

Not only us, but Al Karasick, promoter of the heavyweight canvas shows, expressed surprise at Lewis' physical appearance. He looks very capable and is so conditioned that his muscles are hard as nails.

Other interesting facts of the Trust Buster (one of many nicknames he earned during his long and colorful career) are:

Has wrestled for 30 years, starting at 15.

Admits to being 45 years of age and weighs 245 pounds.

Captured the world's crown five times, 1921, 1922, 1928, 1931, and 1932. Runner up in late 1921, 1925, 1929, late 1931 and 1933.

Has been in about 6,000 matches, losing 30 so doing.

Himself claims to be biggest individual athlete gate puller, bringing in some $15,000,0000 in his career so far. Gives Jack Dempsey second place at $11,000,000. He should have $3,000,000 for himself but for fact he is a liberal spender.

Believes in faith healing. It fixed his eyes.

Thinks present version of trassling terrible but since people demand it by making the turnstiles hum he accommodates them. Thinks also the latest style too dangerous in spite of fact he can handle himself in almost any circumstance. Then he thinks also that Ed Don George, whom he meets next Tuesday, a "real nice fellow and a gentleman wrestler."


(reprinted from Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Sept. 16, 1936)

By Loui Leong Hop

For a long time last evening, some 4,000 curious spectators gathered in the Civic Auditorium thought they were going to be deprived of the commodity that made Ed (Strangler) Lewis the holy terror of the wrestling world.

But the veteran showman, willing to oblige when the occasion demands, finally came through to apply his famous "strangle" and then clamped the headlock to down Ed Don George for the only fall of the main attraction.

There were less than five minutes left in their scheduled one-hour performance when Lewis pinned George. Then the fans got up, cheered the 45-year-old, 245-pound grappler and started to go home.

They had come to see Lewis employ his famous strangle and they appeared satisfied, even after Announcer George Parker informed the folks that it was a headlock that scored the fall.

Prior to the fall, Lewis applied one strangle hold after the other. George broke the holds earlier in the match and as time sped by he grew weaker and Lewis planted the hold on him longer.

The two former champions of the mat universe put on probably the most scientific heavyweight wrestling match seen here in a couple of decades.

There were practically no hippodroming, slapstick comedy, exaggerated facial grimaces, leapfrog stunts, flying tackles, flying mares and football tackles.

Instead, Lewis and George confined themselves to headlocks, hammerlocks, leg and head scissors, arm and toeholds and a flock of other technical holds of the real wrestling profession or trade.

The rassling expert was at a loss to follow the affair and it was agreed by most of the ringsiders that Lewis and George put on more actual wrestling in their bout than many cards put together.

There were a few fans who were disappointed by the lack of clowning. They kept shouting "Give us action!" -- which they were getting in chunks.

Lewis, for all his weight and age, displayed surprising speed at times. He was particularly fast on his feet, bouncing up the canvas time and again and swiftly whirling his seemingly ponderous torso in applying various holds.

George showed the fans plenty of strength early in the melee, breaking the strangles and even full nelsons. But he weakened from Lewis' repeated attacks.

The meeting was their third in the books. Lewis now has two wins to one over his rival.

Vic Christy, handsome heavyweight, tamed "Bad Man" Reb Russell, former Northwestern fullback star, in the semi final. The match was a wild affair with Russell living up to every letter of his nickname.

He did everything to Christy but hit him with the corner stool. The villain took the first fall in the fourth but Christy pinned him in the fifth to even the score. In the seventh, Christy lost all patience with his opponent and landed a flock of haymakers on Russell's jaw, scoring aknockout to win the match. This free for all affair had the fans shrieking hoarsely throughout.

Sam Leathers and Babe Small grappled to a draw in the special. Don Carver defeated Walter King in the opener.

Ernie Andrade refereed the semifinal and main go while "Big Boy" Clement worked the first two events. ____________________________________________


(reprinted from Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Sept. 23, 1936)

By Loui Leong Hop

"Personally, I don't go for this hippodroming and clowning rassling stuff, but you know how the public is. They want that kind of a show and I'm always willing to oblige."

Ed (Strangler) Lewis, the daddy of 'em all in wrestling, gave out this statement to a bunch of sports scribes soon after his arrival about two weeks ago.

Last week he pinned Ed Don George after 55 minutes of straight scientific wrestling, using his famous "strangle" liberally. The crowd, totaling close to 4,000, was divided as to its likes and dislikes of that performance.

Last night, to satisfy those who didn't swear by the genuine article but eat up the artificial substitute, "Big Ed" gave it to them . . . and in hunks.

Meeting handsome Vic (Tarzan) Christy in the main number and before slightly over 2,000 customers, the "Strangler" assumed the role of "villain" and that he played his part convincingly could be attested by the boos he excited.

Good looking Christy, the hero, got the plaudits and cheers but in the end it was Lewis who got the match, two falls to one.

Lewis' characterization of "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" in the rassling ring was a decided boost for him. For one thing, it showed that for his 45 summers or winters, the Ole Strangler still has plenty on the ball. His speed last evening was amazing and there seems to be no letup in his bone crushing power.

His match with Christy was a whirlwind in comparison with his work in the Don George affair.

The crowd went loco when Christy, "infuriated" by Lewis' constant right uppercut swings to the ribs, "opened up" with overhand rights that floored the great one. When "Big Ed" came up, Christy planted a couple of well laid butts that made him an easy victim of a body press. This happened 18 minutes 57 seconds after the tap of the gong.

Lewis came back with a bang. A minute and six seconds later, "Big Ed' squared mattered when he applied a combination bear hug and then slammed Christy to the mat, rendering the "hero" hors de combat.

While Christy got to his feet and resumed rassling, he was "through for the night." That slam and hug did its trick. Lewis rushed out at the sound of the gong and utilizing his famous "strangle," pinned Christy 2 minutes 34 seconds later to win the match.

There was plenty of action throughout the card. In the semifinals, Reb (Bad Man) Russell pinned Sad Sam Leathers two falls to one. Leathers was the superior of the two boys, flashing a flock of new and tricky holds that earned him the name of the "human octopus." Leathers toyed with Russell at the outset and could have settled the issue in a jiffy, had he elected. But the script read differently.

Norman (Rusty) Wescoatt, local boy who maded good on the mainland, brought all of his 230 pounds into the ring for the special. He took on Babe Small, the chap who "finds" money on golf courses, and gave a great exhibition. "Rusty" has certainly learned the tricks of the profession, and it won't be surprising to see him matched with the best Al Karasick is bringing here.

Wescoatt won in spectacular fashion. He pinned Small, who turned into a villain, by "busting" him in the chin from outside the ropes and then leaping over, a la the man on the flying trapeze, to body press Small for the necessary fall of the affair.

"Big Boy" Clement downed Isao (Bull) Toyama in the opener.

Dick Smith and Joe Tribble refereed.

The WAWLI Papers # 036...


(reprinted from Atlanta Constitution, Mar. 30, 1932)

Atlanta mat fans failed to turn out except in small numbers of the wrestling matches staged at the auditorium Tuesday night. The matches, staged despite lack of sanction by the city boxing commission, had been given sensational publicity because of a court hearing and the arguing of an injunction seeking to stop them.

Henry Weber, who has promoted here for three years, sought to use the auditorium for his matches, but lost the injunction suit.

The gross receipts were reported to be $340.25. This did not, according to promoters Eddie Hanlon and L.C. Warren, permit them to show a profit on the matches.

The city boxing commission, which had refused to sanction the match, asked Lieutenant M.H. Hornsby to present a copy of charges to the promoters but Captain A.J. Holcombe ordered him not to until he had cleared up whether court permission obtained by the promoters to use the auditorium covered the matches themselves. Captain Holcombe was reported as saying he would file the charges today if he found the injunction did not cover the matches.

The court ruling applied only to use of the auditorium and the charges are expected today.

Promoters violated several sections of the ordinance, according to the commission. They did not file a request in writing, as is prescribed. They put on the match in specific violation of section 8, which says, in part: "Any person or persons holding a wrestling match or boxing match without having procured a license as herein prescribed and without complying with the ordinance, shall be deemed guilty of an offense against the city and upon conviction shall be fined not more than $300 or imprisoned in the city stockade for not more than 30 days."

The commission is given absolute authority to regulate and control boxing and wrestling for the best interests of the sport and to refuse and accept matches at their discretion.

The matches proved to be something of a disappointment except for the work of Len Macaluso in the semi-windup. He defeated Eddie Elzea in the one-fall match. Macaluso, by his efforts, saved what was a slow match.

In the main event, Jack Sherry, who appeared to be a good wrestler, defeated with ease John Grandovich. Grandovich resembled "Stone Mountain" Leavitt, an Atlanta heavyweight who appeared at the ball park last summer. Grandovich was too large to match Sherry. He gave up on both falls when Sherry had him with a leg lock.


(reprinted from San Francisco Chronicle, 2-11-33)

Lou Daro, Poobah of all the wrestling impresarios in Los Angeles, will be in San Francisco Monday.

At that time, according to a wire received by The Chronicle, Daro promises to make some exceedingly interesting revelations as regards the keg of grappling dynamite on which San Francisco is at present seated.

Daro wired, as follows:

Los Angeles, Feb. 10--Harry B. Smith, sports editor, The Chronicle: just read your interesting article on the wrestling controversy. Feel you have heard but one side of the story. Will arrive Monday. I have a surprise story that will, I am sure, clarify the situation.

I guarantee mat bouts will, in the future, have a ring of dignity and class comparable with outstanding matches of the country. The Steele0Londos match was the greatest ever held in California. It was a capacity house and many were turned away. Attendance was 17,500. This caliber of matches will be used in the future in San Francisco. LOU DARO.

Ed Lynch continued to fulminate yesterday.

"I will go ahead with my Tuesday night shows. I was crossed by Daro. I brought Christy along and built him up and then Daro gives him to (Frank) Carroll.

"Carroll could have come into Dreamland Auditorium. I offered him Thursday nights or would have showed with him on alternate Tuesday nights. He was given a nightly rental of $400, but wanted all the concessions, including the garage. I had to turn him down."

From Carroll there was no further statement.

Outwardly, all is quiet along the Potomac.

Inwardly, everything and everyone are seething.


(reprinted from San Francisco Chronicle, 2-17-33)

Whatever wrestling championship it was that Jimmy Londos held when he came here, he still holds for he easily defeated Vic Christy in two straight falls last night at the Civic Auditorium before a crowd of about 6,500. The crowd was keen for Christy but Londos was entirely too strong, clever and experienced for the young fellow and when he got ready to take a fall he took it in decisive fashion.

Christy, 6 feet tall, young, good looking but not yet filled out, was no match for the Greek Adonis, stocky legged and barrel chested, when the Greek really bore down.

Londos won both falls in the same manner. When he got ready to win the first fall after thirty minutes of wrestling, he slammed Christy hard to the mat three times in rapid succession, jarring him plenty. Then he picked him up bodily, whirled him around his head until he was dizzy, and then flattened him with a terrific slam to the mat.

Christy was partially stunned after the first fall and between the bouts he sat in his corner with his head in his hands. Londos made short work of his oppoennt in the next bout, taking the fall and the match in 5 minutes and 46 seconds. He did it identically as he took the first fall, slamming the young fellow hard three times, picking him up, whirling him around his head and then spreading him on the mat.

The crowd had plenty of chances to cheer Christy as the young fellow got many dangerous holds on Londos, but could not do much execution with them.

Londos quickly spotted the camera men and once he hung himself on the ropes, locking his feet there and swinging as if in a hammock, while his picture was being taken. When the flash lights flashed, Jimmy got off the ropes and gravely bowed his appreciation.

Londos allowed Christy to make a good showing in the first fall, but as the hour was growing late he took the second fall in a hurry. Christy had tired from the punishment he got in the first bout and Londos helped to carry him to his corner after the second fall.

The grunting, groaning and facial horrors of the evening went to George Kotsonaros, who subbed for Henry Graber in his bout with Oki Shikina. No man could possible be as badly hurt as Kotsonaros looked, and live. Shikina's left ear was torn as his blood smeared the bodies of both men.

Kotsonaros and Shikina wrestled through thirty minutes to a draw. Nick Preovolos was the referee of all the bouts and he was kept busy kicking the arms and legs of the wrestlers loose from the ropes as they sought to cling there.

"Cyclone Steve" Strelich of Santa Monica and Dr. P.A. Millikan of Los Angeles tugged and grunted for thirty minutes and got a draw for their pains.

Hans Steinke, German champion, shook the Auditorium and adjacent buildings when he flopped Don De Laun with a body slam in 13 minutes and 37 seconds. De Laun was knocked unconscious. ____________________________________________


(reprinted from San Francisco Chronicle, 4-21-33)

NEW YORK, April 20 (AP)--Dr. Benjamin Franklin Roller, who retired from the wrestling game when he was 39 years old to begin a career as a surgeon, is dead at the age of 57.

He died of pneumonia in Doctors Hospital.

It was while he was professor of physiology and supervisor of sports at the University of Washington that Dr. Roller became a professional wrestler. He won his first match in 17 minutes and received $1,600.

He wrestled Frank Gotch, who promised to throw him twice in an hour. Gotch didn't throw him and Roller made $4,000. During the next five years, he met and defeated many of the heavyweight stars. Roller weighed more than 200 pounds.

He established his surgical practice here in 1915. He was formerly a member of the Lunacy Commission of the State of Washington.


(reprinted from San Francisco Chronicle, 4-16-33)

By Earl C. Behrens

SACRAMENTO, April 15 -- Rewriting of California's boxing and wrestling statute has been undertaken by Assemblyman Charles W. Lyon of Los Angeles.

Lyon hopes to whip a compromise bill into shape from the three measures now before the Legislature, which will clean up what he terms "disgraceful conditions in the boxing and especially the wrestling game."

The compromise bill will be presented to the Assembly Public Morals Committee during the coming week.

"The wrestling racket," said Lyon, "will be the first thing to be considered in the bill. Unless the wrestling business is clean up there will be a blowoff that w8ill wreck boxing as well as wrestling."

Lyon proposes the following wrestling match prohibitions:

1. Rabbit punches to be barred.

2. Biting to be taboo.

3. Hitting with open or closed hands to be unlawful.

4. Kicking outlawed.

5. Referees to lose licenses if they fight with participatns in wrestling bouts.

6. Wrestlers to be disqualified for throwing opponents out of ring.

7. Fall secured by wrestler immediately after committing foul not to be counted.

The proposed new boxing law will provide for the creation of two "little czars" or managers who will be ex-officio members of the State Athletic Commission. One manager will be located in the south and one in the north. The two managers will handle the routine of boxing and wrestling bouts and their acts will be subject to review by the State Athletic Commission or Boxing Commission appointed by the Governor as at present.

The idea of a single "czar" for boxing, with extraordinary powers, has been abandoned. ____________________________________________


(reprinted from San Francisco Chronicle, 4-29-33)

Strangler Lewis won two out of three falls from Ad Santel in their feature wrestling match last night in the Oakland Auditorium. Lewis won the first fall in twenty-four minutes with a headlock, lost the second in six minutes when he quit to a Japanese leglog, and won the third by twisting halfway out of another leglock and pinning Santel's shoulders to the mat in seven minutes.

In other bouts the Masked marvel defeated Nick Velcoff; Jack Ganson beat Lavaseo Severe; Glen Wade pinned Hank Oswald, and Dean Detton drew with Harry Mamos. _____________________________________________


(reprinted from San Francisco Chronicle, 4-29-33)

WILMINGTON, Cal., April 28 (AP)--George Wilson, former University of Washington football star, failed to appear for his main event wrestling bout advertisedf here tonight with Charles Santen of Missouri.

It was the second time in as many nights that Wilson failed to show up for scheduled bouts. Wong Buck Cheung, Chinese grappler, who was to have appeared in a preliminary, also was among the missing for the second consecutive night.

Cheung was to have wrestled Wilson in a preliminary at the Hollywood Legion Stadium last night, but, like his opponent, was among the missing.

Local promoters said they wee at a loss to explain why Wilson and Cheung did not appear, but others said it was understood they had switched over to the Lou Daro promotional interests, which stage shows at Los Angeles and Long Beach in competition to the Hollywood and Wilmington organizations.

In a substitute event, Santen defeated Tommy Thompson of Los Angeles, taking two out of three falls, Santen winning the first and third falls.

The WAWLI Papers # 037...


(reprinted from St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 2-15-35)

By Damon Kerby

About once every season or two an upset takes place in wrestling. The upset doesn't hurt anybody and it gives the customers something to talk about for a while. When critics of wrestling point to the many, many build-ups that take place with monotonous regularity, the faithful follower can say:

"But what about that match between Goofus and Palookas? You yourself said Goofus was due to win and he didn't. It looks all right to me."

Getting around to the point, the season's upset, if you care to call it that, took place at the Arena last night when the ancient Strangler Lewis slugged and headlocked his way to victory over Jim Browning of Verona, Mo., before 5,396 paid customers. Lewis, eliminated by Champion Jimmy Londos here only two weeks ago, was picked as the probable loser.

It had been announced that Browning, if victor, would be sent against Londos here, early next month. Now it is considered a possibility that Browning and Lewis will be signed for a return bout with the winner (and it may be Browning) getting a shot at Londos on a later card.

Despite the outcome of the bout, which was obviously a surprise to a majority of the customers, the affair in many spots was drab and dreary. Some of the cynical ringsiders charged the performers with using an unusual number of "rest holds," but those weren't "rest holds." They were punishing holds. Of course they were! You wouldn't let yourself believe for a minute that athletes of Lewis' and Browning's standing would put it on for the customers, would you?

Browning gave the spectators two or three glimpses of his airplane scissors, but the job of picking up Lewis and whirling him with the legs appeared just a little too tough for Big Jim. And why wouldn't it be, granting that Lewis weighed only the announced 248 pounds? If Lewis weren't the man of his obvious high standing in the pure and wholesome wrestling world, one would almost be inclined to believe that he co-operated the two or three times that the flying scissors hold was applied.

In the final flare-up, without which no headline wrestling event is official, Browning punched Lewis several times, Lewis returned the blows and then slapped on headlocks. He bounced to his feet, a winner in 46 minutes 15 seconds.

The earlier events left much to be desired and the saddest of all was the 30-minute draw between Ray Steele and Hans Kampfer. They apparently could not enter into the spirit of the occasion. Spectators booed throughout the affair. But they were both in there trying. Of course they were!

A bright spot in the otherwise dull evening, at least to those around ringside, was furnished by the addition of a "knockdown" timekeeper, whose duty it was to toll off the seconds when a wrestler was under the ropes or out of the ring. During the early bouts this worthy counted by hitting the ring post with a hammer, much to ______________________________________


by the Associated Press

TORONTO--Jim Londos, 198, St. Louis, threw Vic Christy, 200, California, 56:10.

CAMDEN, N.J.--Ed Don George, 217, North Java, N.Y., threw Gino Garibaldi, 218, Italy, 61:30.

MINNEAPOLIS--Everett Marshall, La Junta, Colo., defeated Lou Plummer, Baltimore, 18:48, via disqualification.

CANTON, O.--George Dusette, 181, Canada, threw Billy Parker, 178, Boston, 32:14 _________________________________________

the delight of those around him. In the final bout he put away the hammer and counted with his arm. It was said at ring side that the Missouri Athletic Commission was responsible for this pleasing local innovation, which gave an extra touch of tone and class to the proceedings.

A performer in the first event, Jack Warner, was counted out in his bout with Joe Herman after 7:35. He still was part way out of the ring when the timekeeper reached "20."

Otto Kuss, a clean cut appearing young fellow who says he's from Pine City, Minn., won over Tommy Marvin with tackles and a body block after 14:19, and Bronko Nagurski won over Joe Cox with tackles and a body block in 14:39.

Receipts were $4,151.40. Federal tax was $386.73. State tax was $215.70 and city tax was $186.24. _______________________________________


(reprinted from the Denver Post, August 2, 1961)

By Harry Farrar

Jack Pfefer dropped into our glass menageries a few days ago. The Little Doctor of wrestling promotion is in town to help Tom Zaharias apply the stomach pump to a production scheduled Friday night at Denver Coliseum.

"Dis is my spashlty," Pfefer said. "Ven dese promoters need help, I come vit da know-how. Ain't it? Vunce, dis guy in L.A. needs help vit da rasslin, so I'm leaving my office in Times Square. I take avay a box full of money.

Pfefer's erratic diction sounds like an affectation. It isn't. He's been too busy to polish his speech. Anyway, writers long have exploited Jack's colorful, cracked grammar. Furthermore, he likes to see reasonably accurate quotations in the raw.

Who is Jack Pfefer?

"Vel," Jack said, "I vas bornded in Varsaw, vich is der place in Poland, only ven I vas dere, it was part of Russia. Not heckzackly like nowadays. I vent vit a grand opera, music and ballet company to Siberia, China, Japan and Korea.

"I come to der United Stats 'bout toity-eight yeahs ago. Den I svitch from der concert promotion to der rasslin' promotion. I hendle da big names. You know dem. Joe Stecher, Jeem Londos, Strangler Lewis, Jim Browning, Stanislaus Zbyszko, Deek Shikat, Gus Sonnenberg, Joe Savoldi, Leroy McGoirk, Charlie (Midget) Fisher, Everett Marshall. Dey vas de good old boys.

"I am also da orginator of da freaks. Whatcha call careactors. I bring over Ivan the Terrible Poddubny from Russiam, Sergei Kalmikoff from Siberia, Fritz Kley from Germany, Ferenc Holuban from Hungary.

"Also I am bringing in the original Blimp (Martin Levy) who weighs 650 pounds. And da original Swedish Angel, the ugliest man in da vorl -- unless you count me in da ugly contest. Also the Lady Angel, dis bald-headed broad.

"Now I am having for da nice pipple of Denver on Friday night some of my new vuns. Like Big Splash Humphrey (762 pounds), Ali Singh, Haystack Muldoon, Big Daddy Siki.

"Da odder promoters call Pfefer crazy because I go widout da tee wee. It is nutting. I go against beeg promoters before and--yind up wit a box dis big fulla money.

"I open Madison Square Garden in 1929 wit Jimmy Londos aginst Jim McMillen. We do $76,000 at the gate. No tickets anywhere five days before da show.

"In nineteen-toity, I book Yankee Stadium. We got Londos and Ray Steele. We do $86,000. Last year -- look at a New York newspaper clipping here -- I do $64,680 with Argentina Rocca and Zuma, bot of 'em from Argentina.

"Like I say, dis is my spashlty. Some promoter in trouble, I come vit the know-how. I don't predict what we do in Denver dis time. Maybe we go beeg. Maybe it ain't.

"I get da calls from all over country. 'How ya doin' in Denver, Jack, they say," I say, 'how da hell do I know.' Call me nine o'clock Friday night. I tell ya how I do."

This isn't Pfefer's first experience as medical consultant to an ailing Denver promotional patient. About ten years ago, Dr. Pfefer did clinical work for George Zaharias who was running wrestling shows at Mammoth Garden.

"Vee toin 'em avay," Pfefer gloated. "I put on der top het, put on der full dress soot and vee make like a ball. Dat is my trademark. You heard about me, ain'tcha?"

Who ain't? Pfefer has been the Tex Rickard of wrestling promotions for almost 40 years. He's jammed people into every major arena in the nation, using "careactors and original freaks" with the lavish hand of a Cecil B. DeMille.

Modern wrestling's switch to the bizarre can be traced directly to Dr. Pfefer.

As The Little Doctor put it himself, "dis kinda rasslin is my spashlty." __________________________________________

(reprinted from Denver Post, August 2, 1961)

ADVERTISEMENT: BE IT KNOWN wrestling promoters JOHNNY DOYLE and JIM BARNETT are associated ONLY with ORIGINAL BIG-TIME WRESTLING whose TV program appears on KTVR, Ch. 2, Tues., 8 p.m., Sat., 7 p.m., and whose next BIG-TIME WRESTLING WITH THE TV STARS will appear at Denver Coliseum 8:30 p.m. THURS., AUG. 10--STARRING Dick the Bruiser, Killer Kowalski, Cowboy Bob Ellis, Pat O'Connor in a Texas Death Match, plus other outstanding matches


(reprinted from Rocky Mountain News, Aug. 7, 1961

By Leonard Cahn

There's a war on in our town, but it's not what you think. It doesn't involve the gasoline industry, the dairy interests nor fighting over food stamp prizes. It deals with wrestling.

No shot has been fired, but both sides are well heeled with giant toy soldiers and massive propaganda weapons.

A syndicate headed by Johnny Doyle found plump pickings in Denver, as lush, in fact, as in other metropolitan areas in which he stages mat theatricals.

This outfit uses a television station hookup to lure cash customers with the cunning of a door-to-door salesman giving away free samples.

In TV's early stages the wrestling behemoths ruled the airways with the good guys polishing off the villains by conquering insurmountable odds. The same script today calls for Maverick to foil his enemies.

The triumph of good over evil on the wrestling mat now is considered third rate melodrama on the home screen, but this sort of mayhem still has a following. The syndicate makes canny use of it by featuring the heroes and the bad guys who are to appear on subsequent shows.

Into the picture came rivals to make their pitch for a share of the loot with Tom Zaharias serving as resident promoter.

Jack (Hassen) Pfefer was imported to stir up the natives with a gigantic flash advertising program.

Pfefer, a dialect comedian from the Weber and Fields school, years ago started a mixed metaphor battle with the wrestling trust to the delight of Dan Parker of the New York Mirror.

Hassen Pfefer siphoned off material exposing the syndicate in his inimitable lingo while shilling for his protege of the moment at the same time.

In lining up his first show here Friday night he set about assembling more freaks than you will find in a one-step-ahead-of-the-sheriff carnival.

He left no doubt over whom was the largest. He's Big Splash Humphrey, who eats like an elephant, wrestles like a tiger and spouts like a whale.

It is considered ethical in the trade for a grappler to appear early on a show wearing a mask and then shed his hood and return later under a different billing. Big Splash has no worries on this score. He never will be asked to dive more than once a night.

Hassen Pfefer covered all the bases in announcing a world championship match between Wildman Jack (Wells) Fargo and the latest in a long line of rubes, Haystack Muldoon.

Pfefer broke down and admitted he has three world champs under his wing, Wildman Jack Fargo, the Eastern world champion; Fred Blassie, the California world champion, and Buddy Rogers, the middleman world champion.

It was fortunate he did so in advance. Fargo was unable to appear Friday night because of circumstances "beyond his control."

Haystack Muldoon was agreeable to wrestling for the California world championship instead of the Eastern world championship.

So Blassie rode shotgun for Wells Fargo and toppled Haystack without firing a bullet.

The show drew a gross gate of $8,393, only a grand less than the syndicate attracted in its last promotion.

But Hassen's mortal enemies are regrouping their forces for a counter-attack.

Hassen Pfefer and Zaharias are toying with the idea of holding a second show in retaliation Aug. 18.

Meanwhile the trust busters will ply their wares in small communities in Colorado, western Nebraska, Wyoming and South Dakota where Haystack Muldoon or his standin will be more at home.

Unless an armistice is declared in the Denver war we will have these intruders threatening our way of life, at least our old fashioned, tried and true rasslin' way of life. ___________________________________________


(reprinted from Los Angeles Times, Feb. 21, 1989)

By Elliott Almond

Mildred Burke, the female professional wrestler who never met her match, suffered a stroke Feb. 14 and died Saturday in a Northridge hospital. She was 73.

Burke was best known for her muscular physique and feats that made her the women's world wrestling champion from 1936-56.

She claimed to have won 150 matches against men and more than 5,000 against women without losing. But, of course, in professional wrestling the outcome isn't always decided on the mat.

"I've had two or three girls say they beat me," Burke said in a 1981 Times profile, "and I've threatened to take them to court, because they never even wrestled me."

She was in Ripley's Believe It or Not for doing 100 body bridges on the editor's desk.

Her sinewy, well-defined body was such that the Los Angeles Police Department once displayed her poster in its offices to shame the officers to stay in shape.

In her prime, she was 5-foot-2, 138 pounds. She was best remembered as the young woman in posters with flexed biceps, dressed in a championship belt and a low-cut blue wrestling outfit. Even in her later years when she operated an Encino wrestling school for women she kept her muscular build.

But she always was concerned with her looks, and in the 1940s she was voted one of the world's best dressed women.

"She was totally feminine," said her son, Joseph Wolfe of Canoga Park. "More than anything else, she stressed being very feminine and a loving mother."

Still, a teen-aged Joseph quickly discovered that it was best not to challenge his mother.

One time, after getting into mischief, "she threw me over her shoulder," Wolfe said. "I never bothered to give her any trouble again."

Wolfe, who subsequently wrestled at Manual Arts High School and Valley Junior College, had plenty of company.

In 1935, Burke, 19, started wrestling on the carnival circuit, offering $25 to any man of reasonably similar weight who could pin her within 10 minutes. None did.

Mildred Burke was born Aug. 5, 1915, at Coffeyville, Kan., the youngest of six children. At 15, after shuttling between Kansas and California with her family, she started working as a waitress on the Zuni Indian reservation near Gallup, N.M.

When she was 17, her boyfriend stopped to see her on his way to California and asked her to marry him. She accepted.

"I would have married anyone to get off that reservation," she said.

She first saw a wrestling match in Kansas City, and eventually met Billy Wolfe, the Missouri state champion who ran the city YMCA.

Joseph Wolfe said Mildred was attracted to Billy, who would become her second of three husbands, and started pestering him to teach her to wrestle.

"Finally, one day she pestered him enough and Billy let her climb into the ring with a really good wrestler," Joseph said. "They met at the center and this fella picked her up and slammed her real hard.

"She got up and went back to meet him at the center and did what she saw him do to her. She picked him up and slammed him and then pinned him. That's when she knew she wanted to be a wrestler."

Burke attributedf her invincibility in the ring mostly to the "alligator clutch," a Burke invention with which she figures she ended about 4,500 of her matches. The move is a devilish pinning maneuver in which you make a pretzel of your opponent and then sit on him, or her.

For two decades, Burke wrestled six days a week, 50 weeks a year. Joseph, who had a stepbrother and stepsister, said he spent much of the time with relatives.

"But when mom was home, wrestling was something that was never discussed," he said. "She was really quite the average mother."

Burke's life, however, was anything but. Besides the rigors of travel, her profession was dangerous. Along the way, Burke said she broke her nose, had five knee injuries and had each of her thumbs ripped out of the joint and pushed back to her wrist.

Her worst injury was when she was on her back and an opponent stomped on her mouth, loosening all her teeth. Eventually, they all had to be removed.

"I beat the living hell out of her," Burke recalled. "I was hurting so bad, I went insane."

Joseph said his mother also suffered from temporary blindness from wrestling.

"She had taken a tremendous beating her whole life," he said. "All of it attributed to her retirement.:

Burke's daughter, Violet Wolfe, also was a wrestler, but died from an injury suffered during a match, Wolfe said.

Mildred lived with her son for the past six years and had just completed an autobiography of her life when she died. Joseph said the manuscript does not have a publisher.

"Now I don't know what to do with it," he said.

Memorial services will be held at 1 p.m. Wednesday (Feb. 22) at Forest Lawn of Hollywood Hills.

The WAWLI Papers # 038...


(reprinted from Dallas Morning News, Sept. 1, 1942)

Hot on the comeback trail, former world heavyweight champion Louis Thesz, who lost the title only two years ago in Houston, rules a slight favorite over Pat Fraley, colorful Irish heavyweight, in their two-out-of-three-fall battle that will headline the Dallas Wrestling Club's weekly program Tuesday night at the Sportatorium.

If the sensational St. Louis star can dispose of Fraley, currently one of the most popular heavies in the southwest, he will advance another step closer to cornering Bill Longson, the present champion, in a title match. Fraley, 234-pound Omaha Irishman, has been turning in some sensational performances lately, however, and his headly flying leg-lock has never been working better.

Because of his slightly superior knowledge of scientific grappling, coupled with his speed and splendid physical condition, the younger Thesz is slightly favored Tuesday night. The ex-champ tips the beam at 229 pounds.

Headling an outstanding card of preliminary events will be a one-fall, thirty-minute time-limit scrap between two of the rowdiest tin-ears in the South, 251-pound Lee Henning and 230-pound Ray Clements, the wild westerner from Lubbock. Henning, with his backbreaker hold, rules slight favorite.

Two of the most rugged men in the game, Henry Piers, 235, and Goon Henry, 253, will tangle in the special event. The program will get under way at 8:30 p.m. when Shreveport's Roland Meeker attempts to halt the unruly tactics of Rough Roy Graham, the Corsicana ranch owner. _____________________________________________


(reprinted from Dallas Morning News, Sept. 2, 1942)

Gaining the third and deciding fall by drop-kicking his rugged opponent into submission after four minutes and fifty-five seconds, Louis Thesz, 229-pound former world heavyweight champion, continued his winning streak in the local ring by winning a two-out-of-three-fall match over Irish Pat Fraley, 234, Tuesday night before 5,134 fans at the Sportatorium.

Lee Henning, the rough-wrestling Iowa star who hitchhiked from Chicago to Dallas to start a one-man campaign of his own in the Lone Star State, half strangled the lighter Ray Clements, of Lubbock, for eight minutes, then applied a top-body press to score the fall.

In a battle between two active behemoths of the ring, Jim (Goon) Henry, 253, of Miami, Fla., wrestled to a draw with Henry Piers, 236, of Holland.

Rowdy Roy Graham, 240-pound Corsicana ranchman, weakened the lighter Roland Meeker by tossing him out of the ring repeatedly to score in the curtain raiser.


(reprinted from Dallas Morning News, Sept. 13, 1942)

When World Champion Bill Longson climbs through the ropes of the Sportatorium ring to defend his crown against Louis Thesz next Tuesday night, Dallas wrestling fans will be seeing one of the hardest-working title-holders in the history of grappling.

The rugged Salt Lake City star is one champion who isn't afraid to risk his title. He believes in making hay -- and money-- while the sun shines.

Since winning the championship from Sandor Szabo early this year, the hard-hitting, 234-pound westerner has placed his coveted crown at stake no less than forty-three times -- and he has yet to lose.

Tuesday night's match with Thesz will mark Longson's third appearance in Dallas as the NWA's recognized world heavyweight champion. In midwinter, shortly after winning the title, he trimmed Juan Humberto and early this summer he nosed out Bobby Managoff in a gruelling, three-fall battle.

Thirty years of age, Longson remains in top condition the year 'round, chiefly through his strenuous campaigning. A former professional boxer, the Utah star is one of the most versatile men in the game and boasts a physique that is rugged as the mountains of his native state.

The champion knows a wide variety of holds and leverages and is always rowdy and aggressive on the mat. However, when the going gets too rough, he relies on his favorite, the pile-driver, one of the most dangerous holds in the game. Because of his rough tactics and his tendency to jump out of the ring when his opponent starts slugging, Longson is one of the few champions who is highly unpopular with the cash customers. They all turn out hoping to see him flattened.

An outstanding card of preliminary events has been arranged to support the title bout Tuesday night. Bobby Managoff will meet Jim (Goon) Henry in the semi-windup, Ray Steele will clash with Irish Pat Fraley in the special event and Killer Karl Davis will take on Ray Eckert in the curtain raiser.

Promoter Ed McLemore is anticipating a capacity crowd for the championship match. ____________________________________________


(reprinted from Dallas Morning News, Sept. 15, 1942)

The world heavyweight wrestling championship, sanctioned by the National Wrestling Association, will go on the block Tuesday night at the Sportatorium, as Titleholder Wild Bill Longson of Salt Lake City meets Challenger Louis Thesz of St. Louis in a two-out-of-three fall match.

Risking his crown in Dallas for the third time since annexing the championship last February, Longson is only a slight favorite over the glamour boy of the canvas.

At weighing-in ceremonies early Tuesday, the champion is expected to scale 235 pounds, the challenger 229.

His past records prove Thesz to be the strongest challenger Longson has been called on to face during his seven-month reign as champion. The St. Louis ace has held the coveted NWA title twice himself, having copped the crown the first time at the age of 21. A short time later he lost the diadem, only to regain it two years afterward. He held it this time until two years ago, bowing to Bronko Nagurski in Houston.

In top physical condition and four years younger than the rugged 30-year-old Longson, Thesz has expressed confidence that he can dethrone the champion with the proper breaks Tuesday night.

The match will be wrestled under a ninety-minute time limit, with NWA rules applying. Charlie Schwartz of Houston will referee the crucial joust.

An all-star preliminary card has been lined up, in keeping with the title bout. Promoter Ed McLemore is bringing back popular Bobby Managoff in the semi-windup, the Windy City youth facing Jim (Goon) Henry, giant Florida roughster. Other one-fall bouts will pit Pat Fraley against Ray Steele, former champion, and Karl Davis against Ray Eckert. Opening event is set for 8:30 p.m.


(reprinted from Dallas Morning News, Sept. 16, 1942)

Wild Bill Longson of Salt Lake City, recognized by the National Wrestling Association as the world heavyweight champion, retained his title by the closest of margins Tuesday night before 6,221 fans at the Sportatorium, after being held to a draw by challenger Louie Thesz of St. Louis in a gruelling battle which lasted the full ninety minutes overall time limit. In all wrestling, as well as boxing, rules, the champion always retains his crown in case of a draw.

The champion took the lead by annexing the first fall, pinning the challenger with his favorite hold, the pile-driver, after 16 minutes and 26 seconds of gruelling action.

The 229-pound St. Louis star tricked the champion into a back body-drop, followed up with a vicious drop-kick and top body pin to grab the second heat in 26 minutes, 34 seconds. The remainder of the time limit was wrestled as the third fall, with neither man being able to score, although Thesz had Longson weak and reeling when the bell rang.

Bobby Managoff, Chicago heavyweight, gained the most popular victory of the evening when he manhandled his heavier opponent, Jim (Goon) Henry, 253 pounds, in the semifinal event. Managoff, who scaled 223 pounds, finally lost his temper and pinned the Florida villain after a series of drop-kicks, front-face locks and body slams.

Pat Fraley, 235, of Omaha, Nebr., gained a draw with Ray Steele, former world heavyweight champion, in a sizzling special event. Ray Eckert, 240-pound newcomer from St. Louis, defeated Killer Karl Davis of Memphis, Tenn., in the curtain-raiser.


(reprinted from Dallas Morning News, Sept. 29, 1942)

Giant Lee Henning, Iowa heavyweight, is only slight favorite to turn back Louie Thesz, sensational St. Louis star, as the two rivals tangle in the main event of Promoter Ed McLemore's weekly wrestling program Tuesday night at the Sportatorium. Henning, one of the roughest grapplers since the days of the late Billy Edwards, will scale 250 pounds, Thesz 229.

The Iowa villain scored a two-out-of-three-fall victory over his lighter rival on the only other occasion the two have clashed, and since that time, the fans, as well as Thesz, have been demanding a return bout. The St. Louis ace, who formerly held the world's heavyweight championship, has been training long and hard for Tuesday night's scrap and will enter the ring confident of stopping the unruly tactics of the burly blond.

The match will be contested over the two-out-of-three-fall route, under a ninety-minute time limit and with NWA rules prevailing. Ellis Bashara is scheduled to referee the main event.

Headlining an attractive preliminary card will be a one-fall, thirty-minute time limit battle between two of the most popular tin-ears in the Southwest, Bobby Managoff, hard-hitting Chicago youngster, and Juan Humberto, battle-scarred Mexican veteran. Managoff, who recently recovered from injuries suffered in a swimming pool accident, is slight favorite.

A wild and woolly special event is in the offing as Roy Graham squares off against Ray Eckert. The show will get under way at 8:30 p.m. when Bashara, popular ex-gridder from the University of Oklahoma, faces Ray Duran of Tampico, Mexico.


(reprinted from Dallas Morning News, Sept. 30, 1942)

A freak ending gave Louie Thesz, 229-pound former world heavyweight champion, a victory over Iowa Lee Henning in two straight falls Tuesday night in the main event of the weekly wrestling show at the Sportatorium.

The young St. Louis star had captured the first fall of the main-event battle with a series of well-timed and vicious drop-kicks, after eleven minutes and fifty-seven seconds of milling. The 250-pound Henning blinded his foe in the second heat, however, by rubbing a cigarette in his eyes. The rough Iowa grappler then knocked the referee down and picked up Thesz in an attempt to slam him, but tripped over the referee and was momentarily stunned in the fall to the canvas -- long enough for Thesz to cover for the victory.

Juan Humberto, 221-pound veteran, gained a verdict over Bobby Managoff, well-liked Chicago youth, when the latter was disqualified by Referee Al Lovelock for bouncing his opponent on the top rope, after being warned to break. The time was 12:47.

Roy Graham, 240, of Corsicana, and Ray Eckert, 240, of St. Louis, grappled to a draw in a wild and woolly match that kept the crowd on its feet throughout. Ellis Bashara, 220, of Norman, Okla., pinned Ray Duran, 218, of Tampico, Mexico, with a series of monkey-flips after seven minutes and twenty-seven seconds of action. ____________________________________________


Newsgroups: From: (Matmktpl) Subject: [REVIEW] Lou Thesz Autobiography Date: 12 Jan 1996 07:02:43 -0500

Wrestling biographies are rare events. Mainstream publishers scoff at the very idea of publishing a book of any sort on pro wrestling, believing that it's fans can't read or won't bother to buy a book on the subject. Former six-time NWA World Heavyweight Champion Lou Thesz and writer Kit Bauman, who have collaborated on Thesz's autobiography, have discovered this the hard way.

Thesz was both the youngest and the oldest man ever to hold the World Heavyweight Title, and the only man ever to wrestle professionally in seven decades. A top performer well into his 50s, Lou Thesz is arguably one of the greatest athletes ever produced by this country. A man with tremendous well earned and well deserved pride, Thesz is not one to allow the uninitiated or the uninformed to diminish his accomplishments simply because his field of endeavor was professional wrestling. Thesz and Bauman have decided to make copies of the manuscript available directly to fans by mail and we should all be grateful that they have.

I have read the book, and let me tell you, it's easily the best volume ever written on the sport. Like Thesz himself, this is the real deal - an engaging close-up view of the modern history of the sport as seen through the eyes of one of its greatest practitioners. All the great stars and personalities throughout Lou's seven-decade career are presented here - with no punches pulled and nothing held back.

Highlights of the book are far too numerous to mention, but here are a few: Lou's early career (how he broke into the business); a long chapter on Ed "Strangler" Lewis, who Thesz ranks as the greatest pro wrestler of them all; Buddy Rogers influence on the business ("greatest worker of all time," says Lou); how blading evolved (and became the curse of the business, according to Thesz); hooking as an art form (plus stories about the great hookers of the past); the behind-the-scenes story of the greatest match that never took place, the title-vs.-title match between Lou Thesz and Bruno Sammartino; and lots of anecdotes about the great personalities in the business. Lou Thesz's story is an important one, because he was there as an active performer, at the very top of the profession, as it evolved through three eras. Readers will not only learn a lot about the business, they'll also come away with an understanding of why the business became what it is today.

In person, Lou Thesz is one of the world's great raconteurs. Bauman has captured Thesz's story-telling gift perfectly and has crafted a book that is pure joy to read. If you are a collector or just a wrestling fan interested in the untold, behind-the-scenes history of the business, this book is something you absolutely have to have. (ED. NOTE--I will vouchsafe for that; I purchased the book and it is a wonderful tome.)

Copies of the manuscript are being made available at $25 each. The mailing address is Kit Bauman, attn: Thesz, 906 Buena Vista, Tallahassee, FL 32304. Please make your checks payable to Kit Bauman. Delivery will take a couple of weeks. If any of you readers are AOL subscribers, you might want to download the "Lou Thesz vs. Rikidozan" chapter from the Wrestling Library as a sample read.

The WAWLI Papers # 039...


Promoter: Al Haft

Jan. 1 (Memorial Hall) --Ira Dern def Clarence Eklund (won world's lightheavyweight title), Ray Carpenter def John Kilonis, Joe Parelli def Billy Hallas, Cliff Binckley def Joe Coppas

Jan. 12 (Chamber of Commerce) --Ira Dern def Ted Chin (nontitle), Joe Parelli def Billy Hallas, Leslie Fishbaugh def John Hurley

Jan. 14 (Marysville, OH) --Ira Dern def Joe Cappas, Strangler Robinson def Carl Beightler

Jan. 19 (Memorial Hall) --George Kotsonaros def Ira Dern (nontitle), Joe Parelli def Jack Reynolds (nontitle), Ray Carpenter def John Kilonis DQ

Jan. 26 (Chamber of Commerce) --George Walker def George Kotsonaros, Joe Parelli def Charlie Harbaugh, Strangler Robinson def Ed Haslip, Hal Chenoweth def Joe Connor

Feb. 2 (Chamber of Commerce) --Joe Parelli def Billy Hallas, Ernie Dusek (in pro debut, age 19) def Jack Albright, Carl Beightler def Thomas Teter, Harold Sims def Scoop Owens

Feb. 3 (Broadway Theatre) --Joe Parelli def Ray Carpenter (Carpenter won only one fall in a handicap contest), Harold Sims drew Dan Copen

Feb. 9 (Memorial Hall) --John Pesek def Rudy Dusek, Alan Eustace def Bob Hendricks, Alan Eustace def Strangler Robinson, Alan Eustace drew George Walker, Joe Parelli def Billy Hallas, Ernie Dusek def Jack Albright

Feb. 10 (Broadway Theatre) --Ernie Dusek vs. Strangler Robinson, Ray Phillips vs. Dan Copen

Feb. 16 (Chamber of Commerce) --Alan Eustace def Nick Velcoff (referee George Walker), Joe Parelli def Ernie Maddox, Ernie Dusek def Ed Haslip, Dan Copen def Hugh Bell

Feb. 17 (Broadway Theatre) --Joe Parelli vs. Leslie Fishbaugh

Feb. 21 (Lyceum Theater) --Leo Alexander vs. Strangler Robinson, Ray Phillips vs. Harold Sims

Feb. 23 (Memorial Hall) --Jack Reynolds def Joe Parelli, Alan Eustace def Jack Roller, Ray Carpenter def Leo Alexander, Young (Joe) Montana def Charlie Harbaugh, Cyclone Myers def Ted Leonard

Feb. 25 (Broadway Theater) --Hubert Petit vs. Dan Copen, Alan Eustace vs. all comers (Ernie Dusek and Strangler Robinson said ready to meet him)

Feb. 28 --Ray Carpenter vs. Joe Hackenschmidt, Joe Montana vs. Carl Beightler

Mar. 2 (Chamber of Commerce) --Taro Miyake def Bull Montana, Joe Parelli def Jack Kogut (Kogut won the only fall of a handicap match), Hans Bauer def Ernie Dusek

Mar. 4 (Broadway Theatre) --Hans Bauer def Casey Berger, Hans Bauer def Strangler Robinson, Hans Bauer drew Ernie Dusek, Hans Bauer drew Joe Parelli (took on all comers for 10 minutes apiece), Jack Landers def Merle Dolby

Mar. 7 (Lyceum Theater) --Jack Kogut vs. Ernie Dusek, Joe Montana vs. Bill Hassen

Mar. 9 (Chamber of Commerce) --Alan Eustace def Hans Bauer, Taro Miyake def Ray Carpenter, Harold Simms def Herbert Petit, Bill Hassan def Dan Copen

Mar. 11 (Broadway Theater) --Ernie Dusek vs. Joe Hackenschmidt, Strangler Robinson vs. Bob Hendricks

Mar. 16 (Memorial Hall) --Jack Sherry def John Pesek DQ, Hans Bauer def Alan Eustace, Taro Miyake def Jack Kogut, Young (Joe) Montana def Walter Achiu

Mar. 23 (Chamber of Commerce) --George Walker def Hans Bauer, Ray Carpenter def Taro Miyake, Ernie Dusek def Casey Berger, Dan Copen def Merle Dolby

Mar. 30 (Memorial Hall) --Alan Eustace def George Walker, Ted Thye def Ray Carpenter, Martin Ludeke def Jack Kogut

Apr. 6 (Chamber of Commerce) --Ray Carpenter def Ted Thye, Martin Ludecke def Andy Brown, Carl Beightler def Bill Hassen

Apr. 13 (Chamber of Commerce) --Martin Ludecke def Ray Carpenter, Joe Parelli def Jack Kogut (no falls in handicap match), Ray Phillips def Dan Copen, Tubby Morris def Denver Myers

Apr. 22 (Memorial Hall) --Jack Reynolds def Joe Parelli, Alan Eustace def George Walker, Leslie Fishbaugh def Clifford Kauffman (pro debut), The Unknown failed to throw Leslie Fishbaugh in time limit. He did defeat four other men, however.

Apr. 30 --Fairmont Arena was renamed Haft's Acre yesterday. It is located at Goodale and Park Streets.

May 4 (Chamber of Commerce) --Ivan Linow def Alan Eustace, The Unknown def Joe Parelli, Bob Hendricks def Strangler Robinson, Earl Sims def Ray Phillips

May 11 (Haft's Acre) --Cleat Kauffman def Martin Ludecke, John Kilonis vs. Joe Parelli, Bob Kruse (pro debut) def Bob Hendricks, Bob Kruse def Young Montana, Bob Kruse def Bill Hassan, Bob Kruse def John Kilonis (all come rs, 10 minutes apiece), John Kilonis def Joe Parelli, The Unknown def Strangler Robinson (referee Ivan Linow)

May 18 (Chamber of Commerce) --Bob Kruse def John Kilonis, Ivan Linow def George Walker, Joe Parelli def Billy Lewis, Earl Simms def Merle Dolby

May 25 (Haft's Acre) --Martin Ludecke def Bob Kruse, Ivan Linow def Carl Vogel, John Kilonis def The Unknown (Gus Kallio), Harold Simms def Cyclone Mars

May 28 (Olentangy Park) --The Unknown (Gus Kallio) vs. Billy Lewis, Casey Berger vs. Strangler Robinson

June 1 (Haft's Acre) --Jack Reynolds def Joe Parelli, Gus Kallio def Ray Carpenter (no falls, handicap bout), Alan Eustace def Hans Bauer DQ, Dan Copen def Earl Hassen

June 4 (Olentangy Park) --Ivan Linow vs. Hans Bauer, Bill Hassen vs. Klein Reeb

June 8 (Haft's Acre) --Alan Eustace def Ivan Linow, George Walker def Hans Bauer, Casey Berger def Strangler Robinson, Kline Reed drew Bill Hassan

June 11 (Olentangy Park) -- Alan Eustace vs. Casey Berger, Dan Copen vs. Earl Hassan

June 15 (Haft's Acre) --Joe Parelli def Gus Kallio, Ray Carpenter def Eddie Pope, Casey Berger def John Gardini, Dan Copen def Sam Davis

June 18 (Olentangy Park) -- Joe Parelli vs. Eddie Pope, Dan Copen vs. Merle Dolby

June 22 (Haft's Acre) -- Alan Eustace def Rudy Dusek, Bull Martin def John Kilonis, Ray Phillips def Dan Copen, Harold Simms drew Merle Dolby

June 25 (Olentangy Park) --Joe Komar def Strangler Robinson, Joe Komar def Young Montana, Joe Parelli def Joe Komar (handicap, no falls), Jack Landers def Ted Smith

June 29 (Haft's Acre) --Rudy Dusek def Ira Dern (nontitle), Charlie Grip def Joe Parelli, Casey Berger def Bull Martin, Jack Landers drew Merle Dolby

July 2 (Olentangy Park) --Yaqui Joe def Charlie Grip

July 6 (Haft's Acre) --Rudy Dusek def Ira Dern, Yaqui Joe def Ernie Maddox, Casey Berger def Red Shaw, Merle Dolby def Dan Copen

July 9 (Olentangy Park) --Joe Parelli vs. Charlie Grip, Merle Dolby vs. Jack Landers

July 13 (Haft's Acre) --Jack Reynolds def Yaqui Joe, Joe Parelli def Ben Ali (handicap match, no falls), Charlie Grip def Gus Kallio, Casey Berger def Andy Brown

July 16 (Olentangy Park) --Casey Berger vs. Red Shaw

July 20 (Haft's Acre) --Ira Dern def Clete Kauffman (lightheavy title defense), Karl Sarpolis def Rudy Dusek, Gus Kallio def Joe Parelli, Casey Berger def Red Shaw

July 21 (Olentangy Park) --Joe Parelli vs. Clete Kauffman

July 23 (Olentangy Park) --Bert Willard def Joe Parelli, Merle Dolby vs. Dan Copen

July 27 (Haft's Acre) --Rudy Dusek def Karl Sarpolis, Clarence Eklund def Joe Shimkus, Bert Willard def Leslie Fishbaugh, Young Montana drew George Gatsoff, Omar Slavin def Earl Hassan

July 30 (Olentangy Park) --Cleat Kauffman vs. Joe Shimkus, Dan Copen vs. Jack Landers

Aug. 3 (Haft's Acre) --Ira Dern def Clarence Eklund (lightheavy title defense), Pinkie Gardner def Joe Shimkus, Ray Carpenter def Cleat Kauffman, Pinkie Cardner def Carpenter (four man tournament final), Bert Willard def Logan Champ

Aug. 6 (Olentangy Park) --Bert Willard def Logan Champ, Merle Dolby def Joe Snyder

Aug. 10 (Haft's Acre) --Rudy Dusek def George Walker, Clarence Eklund def Ray Carpenter, Bert Willard def Ernie Maddox, Merle Dolby def Bill Hassan (no falls, handicap bout)

Aug. 13 (Olentangy Park) --Clarence Eklund vs. Archie Parker, Jack Landers vs. Merle Dolby

Aug. 17 (Haft's Acre) --Bert Willard def Jack Reynolds 2-1 (won world welterweight title), Jack Taylor def Bob Hendricks, Jack Taylor def Strangler Robinson, Jack Taylor drew Nick Velcoff, Leslie Fishbaugh def Gus Clem (no falls, handicap), Merle Dolby drew Dan Copen

Aug. 20 (Olentangy Park) --Gus Klem vs. Leslie Fishbaugh, Claude Swindell vs. Jack Landers

Aug. 24 (Haft's Acre) --Pinkie Gardner def Clarence Eklund (won new belt put up by Al Haft for lightheavyweight title, which calls for 175 pounds at ringside. Ira Dern would weigh up at noon, and then be several pounds heavier by match time.), Adam Kruger def Cleat Kauffman, Jack Taylor def Archie Parker, Ray Phillips def Jack Landers, Claude Swindell def Merle Dolby, Ray Phillips def Claude Swindell (won lightweight tournament)

Aug. 27 (Olentangy Park) --Jack Taylor vs. Adam Krieger (handicap match)

Aug. 31 (Haft's Acre) --Card cancelled as Jim Browning wanted more training time before meeting Alan Eustace

Sept. 3 (Olentangy Park) -- Alan Eustace vs. Jack Taylor, Bill Hassan vs. Harold Sims

Sept. 7 (Haft's Acre) --Jack Reynolds def Bert Willard 2-0 (rewon world welterweight title), Alan Eustace def Jim Browning (decision), Jack Taylor drew Joe Komar, Cledat Kauffman def Frank Noemer

Sept. 10 (Olentangy Park) --Gus Klem vs. Leslie Fishbaugh, Merle Dolby vs. Harold Sims

Sept. 17 (Olentangy Park) -- Cleat Kauffman def Archie Parker, Dan Copen def Thamer Teter

Sept. 21 (Haft's Acre) -- Joe Stecher vs. Alan Eustace (scheduled world title defense called off Sept. 18 when Stecher comes down with influenza), Alan Eustace def Nick Lutze, Joe Turner drew Charlie Grip, Ray Carpenter def Harry Mamos DQ, Dan Koloff was unopposed in an all-comers session

Sept. 24 (Olentangy Park) -- Joe Turner vs. Cleat Kauffman, Ray Phillips vs. Dan Copen

Sept. 28 (Chamber of Commerce) -- Alan Eustace def Jim Browning (fractured rib), Joe Turner drew Charlie Grip, Cleat Kauffman def Harry Mamos

Oct. 5 (Auditorium) (Att: 6,500) --Joe Stecher def Alan Eustace (world heavyweight title defense, referee Tom Packs), Joe Turner def Jack Reynolds (nontitle), Nick Lutze def Karl Sarpolis, Cleat Kauffman def Harry Mamos

Oct. 12 (Chamber of Commerce) --Joe Turner def Joe Parelli, Harry Mamos def Bull Martin (handicap match, one fall apiece), Archie Parker def Jack Nelson, Merle Dolby def Dan Copen

Oct. 19 (Chamber of Commerce) --Nick Lutze def John Freberg, Dan Koloff def Alan Eustace, Joe Turner def Jack Kogut

Oct. 26 (Chamber of Commerce) --Jack Reynolds def Joe Turner (welterweight title defense; Turner held middleweight title), Carl Van Wurden def Joe Shimkus, Dan Koloff def Bull Martin, Dan Copen def Earl Hassen

Oct. 27 (Fort Hayes, OH) --Joe Shimkus (wrestler) def Johnny Mack (boxer) 2-0

Nov. 2 (Chamber of Commerce) --Joe Turner def Gus Kallio, Alan Eustace def Dan Koloff, Ray Carpenter def Carl Von Wurden

Nov. 9 (Memorial Hall) (Att: 2,500) --Jack Reynolds def Yaqui Joe (welterweight title defense), Joe Parelli def Ray Sykes, Alan Eustace def Joe Komar, Tony DeVichie def George Walker

Nov. 16 (Chamber of Commerce) --Joe Turner def Joe Parelli, Alan Eustace def Tony DeVichie, Ray Carpenter def Carl Von Wurden, Cleat Kauffman def Bull Martin (no falls, handicap match)

Nov. 23 (Chamber of Commerce) --Clarence Eklund def Carl Van Wurden, Alan Eustace def Tony DeVichie, Claude Swindell drew Jack Landers, Dan Copen def Earl Simms

Nov. 30 (Chamber of Commerce) -- Joe Turner def Jack Reynolds (middleweight title defense; Reynolds' welterweight title not at stake) 2-0, Joe Montana drew Joe Fournier, Charlie Grip def Joe Fournier, Tony DeVichie def Mike Brady, Claude Swindell def Harold Simms

Dec. 7 (Chamber of Commerce) --Clarence Eklund def Adam Krieger, Russell Via def Johnny Carlin, Casey Berger def Hassan Hemey, Stranger Robinson def Hassan Hemey

Dec. 14 (Memorial Hall) --Clarence Eklund def Pinkie Gardner (won Gold Belt emblematic of lightheavyweight title), Charlie Grip def Joe Turner (non title), Russell Vis def Eddie Sikes, Casey Berger def Archie Parker __________________________________________


(reprinted from Southern Cross, Apr. 18, 1947)

WELLINGTON, N.Z. -- Next time Kay Bell (17.1) and Tom Rice (16.10) meet in a wrestling match in Wellington, instead of going in on a Press ticket, I will be quite happy to pay the price of admission. That is how much I enjoyed last night's match between these two perfectly developed wrestlers. The match ended in a draw, one fall each.

Right from the opening bell, the men showed a willingness to give a crowded house full measure for its money. Even a series of head scissors by Bell looked better than the usual variety, and the absence of jolts was not noticed.

In the fourth round Rice held Bell with a step-over toehold, but Bell kicked out and sent Rice headlong over the ropes. He returned at the count of 14, to catch Bell with a perfect flying tackle. In throwing Bell, Rice hit his head and both were groggy.

A series of flying tackles saw both men through the ropes, Rice just getting back to beat the count.

Both men spent soome time out of the ring and Rice's face was smothered in blood from a cut over his left eye. The applause at the end of this round indicated the public's approval for one of the best rounds seen in Wellington's wrestling history.

In the sixth round Rice threw Bell with a series of forward headlocks and then caught him three times with sensational flying tackles to score a fall.

Early in the seventh, Bell threw Rice with headlocks, but Rice came out of the third with a devastating flying tackle only to be met with a drop-kick by Bell, followed by another which gave him the equalizing fall.

A spectator got in the way of Rice as he careened through the ropes in the last round, and was not particularly interested in what followed.

Three times Bell missed with dropkicks in trying to catch Rice's flying tackles and the round ended without any further falls, although Bell connected just before the bell and had Rice in a bad way until Referee Jenkins b roke them up as Rice had a shoulder through the ropes.--W.I. _____________________________________________


AUCKLAND, N.Z. (April 21, 1947) -- Jim Henry (18.3) beat Otto Kuss (17.7) on points, after each had scored a fall in a professional wrestling match tonight. Kuss obtained the first fall in the second round, and Henry equa lized in the seventh round.


May 2--Alvin Britt def Cliff Maupin, Jimmy Lott def Frank Wolf, Sheik Mar Allah def Andy Lamar

May 4--Dick Shikat def Vic Muhl, Earl Wade def Al Sparks, Whitey Hewitt def George Kogut

May 9--Hugh Nichols def Jimmy Lott, Ken Hollis def Tuffy Cleet, Jack LaRue def Lefty Williams, Nick Bozines drew Frankie Hill

May 11--Earl Wade def Rudy LaDitzi, Whitey Hewitt def Vincent Lopez, Sam Leathers def Al Sparks DQ

May 16--Leroy McGuirk def Tuffy Cleet, Ken Hollis def Nick Bozines, Frank Malcewicz def Jimmy Lott, Frankie Hill def Jack Eku

May 18--Earl Wade def Norle Jerlstrom, Whitey Hewitt drew Juan Humberto, Al Sparks def Nick Elitch

May 23--Joe Banaski def Frank Malcewicz, Nick Bozines def Ken Hollis, John Marns vs. Frankie Hill, Stan Hackney vs. Jack Eku

May 25--Sol Slagel def Whitey Hewitt DQ, Al Sparks def Cowboy Luttrall, Matros Kirilenko def Sonny Kokaui, Nick Elitch def Bill Sledge

May 30--Joe Banaski def Nick Bozines, Les Wolfe def Frankie Hill, Red Lyons def Frank Malcewicz, Dude Chick def Stan Hackney

June 1--Sol Slagel def Al Sparks, Matros Kirilenko def George Kogut, Sonny Kokaui def Oscar Lindsey, Vincent Lopez drew Nick Elitch

June 6--Red Lyons def Hugh Nichols, Les Wolfe drew Dude Chick, Frankie Hill drew Nick Bozines, Stan Hackney def Joe Dillman DQ

June 8--Matros Kirilenko def Sol Slagel, Big Bad Wolf drew Nick Elitch, Vincent Lopez def Oscar Lindsey, Sonny Kokaui def Eddie McEvoy

June 13--Red Lyons def Leroy McGuirk, Frankie Hill drew Stan Hackney, Les Wolfe vs. Ken Hollis, Dude Chick vs. Joe Dillman

June 15--Earl Wade def George Kogut, Everett Kibbons def Earl Smith, Vincent Lopez drew Sailor Barto, Oscar Lindsey drew Bill Sledge

June 20--George Sauer def Les Wolfe, Frankie Hill def Stan Hackney, Dude Chick vs. Pete Sturgeon, Ken Hollis vs. Scotty Sullivan

June 25 (Monday)--Ed (Strangler) Lewis def Earl Wade, Tiny Roebuck def Everett Kibbons, Johnny Plummer def Jack Graham, Sailor Barto drew Bill Sledge

June 27--George Sauer def Red Lyons, Frankie Hill drew Andy Tremaine, Stan Rodgers def Bill Rush, Stan Hackney def Jim Morris

July 2--Tiny Roebuck def Marv Westenberg, Johnny Plummer def Everett Kibbons, Jules Strongbow def Jack LaRue, Sailor Barto drew Bill Sledge

July 4--Red Lyons def Frankie Hill, Stan Hackney drew Andy Tremaine, Toots Estes def Pete Sturgeon, Jim Morris def Blacksmith Schmidt

July 9--Tiny Roebuck def Jack Lewis, Jack LaRue vs. Nick Elitch, George Kogut vs. Pete Sturgeon, Jack O'Brien vs. Sailor Barto

July 11--George Sauer def Red Lyons, Frankie Hill def Andy Tremaine, Toots Estes def Tuffy Cleet DQ, Jimmy Lott def Stan Hackney

July 16--Johnny Plummer def Everett Kibbons, Jack LaRue drew George Kogut, Jack Lewis def Pete Sturgeon DQ, Tommy Thompson drew Jack O'Brien

July 18--George Sauer def Tuffy Cleet, George Craig drew Jimmy Lott, Toots Estes def Andy Tremaine, Stan Hackney def Joe Dillman DQ

July 23--Chief Chewacki def Johnny Plummer, Jack O'Brien def Jack Lewis, Nick Elitch def Ernie Gross, George Jones def Tommy Thompson

July 25--George Sauer def Jules LaRance, George Craig def Jimmy Lott, Tuffy Cleet def Joe Dillman, Toots Estes def Paul Bozzell

Aug. 1--Red Lyons def Tuffy Cleet, Toots Estes def George Craig, Les Wolfe def Joe Dillman, Paul Bozzell def Doug Marcel

Aug. 8--Alvin Britt def Red Lyons, Jules LaRance def Toots Estes, Tuffy Cleet drew Bob Montgomery, Les Wolfe def Lon Chaney

Aug. 15--George Sauer def Bob Montgomery, Jules LaRance def Tuffy Cleet, Les Wolfe def Dude Chick DQ, George Craig drew Lon Chaney

Aug. 22--Jules LaRance def George Sauer, Dude Chick def Tuffy Cleet, Les Wolfe drew Bob Montgomery, Toots Estes def Lon Chaney

Aug. 29--Hugh Nichols def Dude Chick, Jules LaRance def Jimmy Lott, George Craig drew Ken Hollis, Cliff Maupin def Lon Chaney


Jan. 2--Ray Steele def Ivan Rasputin, Jack Zarnas def Pete Baltram, Mayes McLain drew Bill Longson

Jan. 9--Frank Sexton def Chief Saunooke, Vic Tansky def Jack Washburn DQ, Mark Hosely drew Fred Bozic

Jan. 25--Jim Londos def Frank Sexton, Ivan Rasputin def Pete Baltram, Jack Zarnas def Jack Washburn, Vic Tanski drew Fred Bozic

Feb. 6--Frank Sexton def Tom Zaharias DQ, Ivan Rasputin def Jack Zarnas, Mark Hosely drew Jack Zarnas, Joe Marsh drew Pete Baltram

Feb. 12--Tom Zaharias def Pete Baltram, Bette Bushay def Jane Hartzell, Mayes McLain def Fred Bozic, Jack Zarnas def Jerry Turner

Feb. 20--K.O. Christner def Pete Baltram DQ, Bette Bushay def Lloyd Roth, Jack Zarnas def Fred Bozic, Jerry Turner drew Jack Washburn

Feb. 27--Danno O'Mahoney def Joe Marsh, Frank Sexton def Jack Washburn, Fred Bozic def Pete Baltram DQ, Rudy Strongberg drew Jack Zarnas

Mar. 12--Harry Kent def Mark Hosely, Fred Bozic def John Cretoria, Lloyd Roth def Marion Winters, Rudy Strongberg def Bull Jacobson

Mar. 28 (Thursday)--Everett Marshall def Frank Taylor, Tom Zaharias def Fred Bozic, Ted Christy def Jack Washburn DQ, Bull Jacobson def Lloyd Roth

Apr. 23--Rudy Dusek def Pete Baltram, Ernie Dusek def Abe Coleman, Emil Dusek def John Decora, Joe Dusek drew Pete Baltram


Feb. 19--Golden Terror def Frank Bronowicz, Tom Mahoney def Herman Levine, Babe Sharkey drew Ali Adali

Mar. 5--Man Mountain Dean def Chief Chewacki, Babe Sharkey def Ivan Vakturoff, Tom George drew Chief Bama Tabu, Ivan Vakturoff def Herman Levine

Mar. 19--Babe Sharkey def Tom George, Eddie King def Bamba Tabu, Tom George def Masked Cougar (Ali Adali unmasked), Jim Stefanou def Ike Esner

Mar. 26--Ed (Strangler) Lewis def Babe Sharkey, Ivan Vakturoff drew Tom George, Ivan Vakturoff def Jim Stefanou, George Macricostas def Bamba Tabu

Apr. 2--George Macricostas def Babe Sharkey DQ, Johnny Long def Chief Bamba Tabu, Long-Jim Stefanou def Tom George-Ivan Vakturoff, Tom George drew Stefanou

Apr. 9--Canadian Angel (Jack Rush) def Babe Sharkey, Johnny Long def Eddie Pope, Chief Chewacki def Bamba Tabu, Jim Stefanou drew Chief Bamba Tabu

Apr. 16--Johnny Long def Chief Chewacki (Special referee Tony Galento), Red Czar def Ali Adali, Mario DiCaprio def Jim Stefanou, Ivan Vakturoff drew Tom George

Apr. 30--Abe Yourist-Ace Freeman def Chief Bamba Tabu-Chief Chewacki, Eddie King-Red Czar def Tom George-Chris (King) Clancy, King-Czar def Freeman-Yourist (won tournament)

May 14--Golden Terror def Johnny Long, Red Czar def Abe Yourist cor, Babe Sharkey def Iron Talun, Eddie Pope drew Johnny (King) Clancy

May 21--Jim Londos def Man Mountain Dean, Red Czar def Johnny Long, Red Czar def Tom George, Tom George drew Ali Adali

(the above represent all of the Harrisburg '43 cards.) _____________________________________________


Apr. 13--Billy Watson-Kay Bell def Dick Raines-Lee Henning, Mister X def Jack Moore, Bob Wagner drew Ed Meske, Fred Bozic def Bulldog Drummond

Apr. 20--Bill Longson def Kay Bell, Lee Henning def Dick Raines, Bob Wagner def Charles Harben, Ed Meske def Tom Mahoney, Fred Bozic def Louis Samic

Apr. 27--Mister X def Ed Meske, Lee Henning drew Tommy O'Toole, Willie Davis def Tom Mahoney, Fred Bozic def Charles Harben, Louis Samic def Al Piacente

May 11--Mister X drew Billy Watson, Lou Laird drew Bob Wagner, Pete Peterson def Tommy O'Toole, Max Gould drew Fred Bozic

May 18--Gorgeous George def Ed Meske, Willie Davis def Fred Bozic, Lee Henning drew Pete Peterson, Tommy O'Toole def Jim Henry DQ

The WAWLI Papers # 040...


(reprinted from New York Times, Dec. 31, 1911)

"Boys, I am done. This is positively my final appearance on the mat."

These few words, addressed to the newspaper men at the ringside in Kansas City Wednesday night, after Frank Gotch had scored an easy victory over Alec Munro, the British wrestling champion, was the final message to the sporting world of Frank Gotch, the world's premier mat artist. Turning to Jim Asbel, his trainer, Gotch threw him the bath robe which he had worn in every match since his memorable encounter with George Hackenschmidt on April 3, 1908, and said: "Keep this to remember me by."

Ordinarily the "farewell appearance" of those who are monopolizing the spotlight must be taken with a bit of doubt, but there are few men who are gifted with the perspicacity and strength of character and a lot of other things like that to ooze gently and voluntarily out of the limelight before they are either thrown out or knocked out. But those who know Frank Gotch personally take what he says seriously. It is a habit one gets from hanging around in the immediate vicinity of the Iowa farmer.

Everybody who is accustomed to glance over sporting pages knows Frank Gotch, champion wrestler. But in Humboldt, Iowa, Gotch, the athlete, comes second to Frank Gotch, stock raiser, banker, president of a street railway company and also an electric light company. It is the latter person of whom the entire population of Humboldt waxes eloquent. While on the mat Gotch has been gaining undying fame through his ability to grasp an opponent by the toes and twist his gambrel joint into his hip pocket, but it is Gotch, the man, who has been whacking a far more enduring dent into the hearts of those with whom he has come into personal contact through his impressive personality.

Not in the athletic world today is there a man with a stronger personality than Frank Gotch. The pity of it is that the wrestling game, fallen on evil days through sharp practices and shady tactics of its opponents, has not known more men of the Gotch type.

It is his moral courage and strength of character that have enabled Frank Gotch to keep his name clear of stain while engaged in a profession that has come to be looked upon with something more than suspicion. Never during his long career on the mat has there been any hint of a frame-up in any contest with which Gotch has been connected. And never has he been anything except the gentleman and the fair sportsman, whether he is trying to pin an opponent's shoulders to the mat or attempting to push through a new deal in real estate. Frank Gotch is the one bright spot on the darkened horizon of the wrestling game, and he is one champion who has helped to keep the profession of which he is the ablest exponent from slipping entirely down to disgrace.

Wrestling was the sport of the ancient Greeks, the perfect race. It was the test of skill and strength that brought the highest honors of ancient Greece to the victor, and poets, orators, and the brains of the classic age vied with one another for the signal honor of wearing the laurel wreath of the champion wrestler. It remained for the modern promoter and the prest-day exponents of the mat game to drag down the sport of the classics and trail it in the mire of disgrace through their frame-ups. So when one is found who has waded safely through what has been staged in this money- grabbing era and still kept his skirts clean, in the parlance of the day, "You have to hand it to him."

Never in his career as a wrestler striving for high honors, or later as a champion, has Gotch attained any undesirable notoriety, and after every big match the first strain back to old Humboldt always numbered Gotch among its passengers. He has always avoided the white lights, the spotlight, and publicity, refrained from using liquor or tobacco in any form, and he leaves the mat with the enviable distinction of having lived the cleanest life of any man who has attained such high rank in the athletic world in recent times.

Down in Humboldt Frank Gotch is one of the solid citizens of the community. He owns two properties in Humboldt, his own home, purchased after his marriage to a Humboldt girl last January, being the handsomest residence in the town, besides a large stock farm south of Humboldt, where he raises thoroughbred stock. He has money invested in Dakota and Canada lands, and following a successful match in Seattle he invested the proceeds from that match in city lots in Seattle, for which he has since been offered a sum equal to four times the original purchase price. He is a director in a bank, president of a street railway company and an electric light company, while his latest business venture is the automobile business, a large garage now being under construction for him in Humboldt. While Gotch won't talk of his money matters himself and his Humboldt banker never tells, it is estimated down there among the "folks" that Gotch is worth in the neighborhood of a half million dollars.

In spite of Referee Smith's statement following Gotch's defeat of Hackenschmidt in Chicago last Labor Day, to the effect that nobody would appear within the next ten years who could throw Gotch, Gotch himself says that he can feel himself slipping, and he has decided&127; to retire from the game before he is defeated. Gotch is now 33 years of age, has taken the best of care of his physical condition, but while he still retains his former strength, he says himself that he can notice a falling off in his former desire to force the action in a match, and that where he would formerly force an opponent he is now content to wait for the other man to come to him. He says he noticed this particularly in the last match in which he defended his title, the one with Hackenschmidt in Chicago on Labor Day. He further adds that he has all the glory that is coming to him, and that the public will never see him as one of the actors in a scene such as was pulled off in Reno on the Fourth of July, 1910, wherein he again shows his&127; good sense and sound judgment.

Gotch was born at Humboldt, Iowa, where he has always made his home, on April 27, 1878, of German parents. He weighs 210 pounds and stands 5 feet 11 1/2 inches. On April 2, 1899, he engaged in his first professional match with Marshall Green at Humboldt and he won the match. Previous to this time he had shown great form as an amateur wrestler in and about his home town. His victory over Green caused his fame to spread, and on June 16 of the same year he wrestled Dan McLeod, then a widely known mat artist, at Luverne, Iowa. Gotch lost this match, and he also lost on Dec. 16 of the same year to Farmer Burns at Fort Dodge, Iowa. Burns was recognized as one of the best wrestlers of that time. Burns was so attracted by Gotch's work that he took Frank to Klondike in 1901 after the Iowa farmer had won five matches in 1900. In the Klondike region Gotch won all his matches, winning victories over the four best men of that section. On his return Gotch won five more victories in a row, one being over Carl Pons, the much-touted German wrestler. Gotch was then matched with Tom Jenkins, the U.S. champion, and in the contest, which came off at Cleveland on Feb. 22, 1903, Gotch was defeated.

After a number of successive wins, two being over Farmer Burns, Gotch got a return match with Jenkins in the following year and won the title. His professional career since that time is too well known to call for repetition. Since his first professional match in 1899, Gotch's record shows a string of 140 matches. Of these he won 132 and the defeats were most in handicap matches. In addition to these victories Gotch defeated more than 200 men in exhibition handicap matches and toured England, where he defeated all comers.

Gotch's greatest performance was at Chicago on June 1, 1910, when he pinned Zbyszko's shoulders to the mat in 6 1/4 seconds. His wonderful endurance was shown in his first match with Hackenschmidt, when the German gave up after two hours and three minutes.&127;

(ED. NOTE--Although Frank Gotch periodically either wrestled, or, more often, talked about wrestling, for the next four or five years, this essentially was the end of his era. A number of pretenders came to the fore, Chas. Cutler among them, but the logical successors were Joe Stecher and Ed Lewis. Here, then, was the birth of Wrestling As We Liked It. Ultimately, Lewis had more crowd appeal, perhaps a shade more ability -- although that is highly debatable -- and certainly better health, so he became king of the mat world over the next 20 or so years. And not until the halcyon days of Lou Thesz, from the end of the World War II until the mid-'60s, did anyone else attain such a lofty position in the minds of mat fans. Fifty or more years: not a bad run when you get right down and think about it . . . )


(source likely a Boston paper, printed in early 1956)

By Hugh Brown

George Macricostas, the rassler from Shaster (Greek for Chester), was in the mood to pin a couple of canards to the canvas. This, in itself, was a brave undertaking because Webster's defines a canard as an extravagant hoax, and where would the rassling industry be without a canard or two?

"They are making fools of us rasslers on television," spluttered George as he proceeded to pin canard No. 1. "A friend came to me the other evening and said I saw you rassle on television several weeks ago. You were great. I asked: "Who was I rassling?" He said: Boris Blubbergut, the Sibergian Scourge.

"I told my friend that a dozen years have passed since I last rassled Boris Blubbergut, and for all I know, the Scourge has probably been purged and interred under a Siberian steppe. It was a film they had made of Boris and me. They had been showing it over and over and making people think it had happened last night. Oh, does that make us rasslers ongry."

The last of the Golden Greeks had come up from his home in Shaster (Greek for Chester) to prove that he is flesh and not a film. To provide further proof, he will rassle in the flesh Monday evening at The Adelphia under the auspices of Maestro Aurelio Fabiani, who at last report was also flesh and not a film.

"I am rassling a fellow named Fritz Wallick and you probably have never heard of him, but I am sure you have heard of Maurice Tillet, the French Angel," said Mr. Macricostas as he prepared to pin canard No. 2.

A year and a half ago, the French Angel died in Chicago and was buried with a two-paragraph newspaper obituary. But when he arrived in this country during the late 1930s, he was the super-hoax of the rassling industry, the subject of numerous magazine and newspaper articles. At Harvard, the anthropologist Prof. Earnest A. Hooton examined the French Angel and described him as a throwback to the Neanderthal Man. The Angel's manager, Karl Pojello, said he had found him in a dive in Singapore, where he (The Angel) had arrived from the jungle after strangling two tigers.

"Tigers! Stromberry! Rossberry!" Mr. Macricostas sputtered. "I will tell you how the Angel really hoppened. Pojello and I are walking along a Paris street in 1937 and this strange creature passed us. I saw him and I cried to Pojello:

"'Karl, I have just seen the ugliest man in the world. Why don't you make him a rassler? He could make you&127; a fortune.' Then I ran up to this Maurice Tillet and spoke to him in French. He replied in French: 'Scram, bum.' But, then Pojello arrived and began talking money. The Frenchman softened and said he had a job as a Frankenstein in the movies. He said he made 60 francs a week. Pojello said, 'I'll give you a thousand.'

"Pojello trained him for five months, then took him to Manchester, England, where he sold out. He did the same in London and Rome. When they came to America they had formed the weirdest partnership I have ever known. Pojello was fascinated by The Angel's ugliness and The Angel was fascinated by Pojello. They would fight like cats and dogs, then make up. Pojello died the morning of Sept. 3, 1954, and ten hours later, Tillet also was head. The doctors said he died grieving for his friend."

Mr. Macricostas scoffed at the claims that the French Angel was a freak of nature, a throwback to the paleolithic age.

"I saw a picture of him when he was 15," George said, "and he was a normal French kid wearing a sailor suit. A year later, a horse kicked him in the face. His glands were damaged and his face began broadening and thickening."

At this point, Maestro Fabiani interposed, proving still further that he, also, was flesh and not film.

"You remember," the Maestro said, "that Jack Pfeffer, (a rival rassling promoter) dug up another gargoyle and called him the French Angel, too. Well, one night in Chicago I was talking to Pfeffer when the real French Angel walked up and asked me, 'Ees thees M'sieu Feefair?' I said, 'Yes, this is Mr. Pfeffer.' A second later, the Angel had knocked him cold."&127;

It was up to Mr. Macricostas to get in the last word. Turning to Maestro Fabiani, he said:

"You know why Mussolini banned us rasslers in Italy? I'll tell you. We wouldn't give the bum a cut of the gate." ____________________________________________


(reprinted from Buffalo Courier Express, 3-8-77)

An internationally known professional heavyweight wrestler, Robert H. "Bibber" McCoy, who formerly was athletic director of Buffalo Boys Town, is dead at the age of 70.

Mr. McCoy, of Buffalo, died Sunday (March 6, 1977) in the Veterans Administration Hospital in Buffalo after a short illness.

After graduating from the Rindge Technical High School in Cambridge, Mass., where he received 32 letters for various sports, Mr. McCoy attended Boston College. There he played football under Frank Kavanaugh.

Later, Mr. McCoy transferred to Holy Cross College where he played on the football team under Cleo O'Donnell. He also was a baseball catcher there and later was inducted into the Holy Cross Hall of Fame.

Mr. McCoy was a graduate of Mount St. Mary's College in Emmitsburg, Md., He was a substitute catcher for the Detroit Tigers in 1928 and 1929 until an auto accident injured an elbow and ended his baseball career.

Mr. McCoy, who once played end for the professional Canton Bulldogs, twice defeated Frank Hussey, known as the "world's fastest human," in the 100-yard dash.

During Mr. McCoy's wrestling career, which spanned about a 30-year period, he wrestled under the name of Bibber McCoy, Taurus the Bull and the Green Hornet.

Until 1955 Mr. McCoy wrestled all over the United States, Canada, Mexico, South America and Japan. In Buffalo he wrestled in Memorial Auditorium and in the&127; old Broadway Auditorium. He was a former New England heavyweight wrestling champion.

After moving to Buffalo, Mr. McCoy was athletic director of Buffalo Boys Town for 18 years until his retirement a year and a half ago. He worked under Rev. Msgr. Franklin M. Kelliher, retired director of the home.

Mr. McCoy also was an Erie County deputy sheriff for 18 years until retiring in July, 1976. He was assigned to the county jail.

He helped Msgr. Kelliher with the Golden Gloves program here for many years until 1975. He was a director of the Badge & Shield Club and a member of the Knights of Columbus.

Surviving are his wife, the former Ethel Taylor; two daughters, Mrs. John D. Barker and Mrs. Daniel Dalton, both of Statesville, N.C., and four grandchildren.

Msgr. Kelliher will celebrate a Mass of Christian Burial at 10 Thursday morning in the chapel of Buffalo Boys Town, 4 Vermont St. He will be assisted by Rev. Robert J. Williamson of the Boys Town.

The Mass will follow prayers at 9:15 in the George J. Roberts & Sons Funeral Home, 205 Linwood Ave. Burial will be in Cambridge, Mass.